Problems of selection and evaluation of plugging properties of cement slurries

UDK: 622.245.42
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2022-4-32-36
Key words: plugging properties, pore pressure of suspensions, wellbore leakage, initial filtration gradient, suspension suffusion coefficient
Authors: K.A. Dzhabarov

The author states that in order to solve the problem of behind-the-casing flows of liquids and gases, more information is needed on the plugging properties of cement slurries (PPCS) used in casing cementing. While waiting-on-cement time the hydrostatic pressure in the annular space decreases. This leads to the inflow of reservoir fluid into the well, the destruction of the still weak structure of the cement slurry and channeling formation. A list of PPCS criteria is proposed which are necessary and sufficient for assessing the intensity of filtration-suffusion flows and the state of integrity of the cement slurry structure. As a criterion of filtration properties, the so-called initial gradient is considered; it characterizes the conditions for the beginning of the pore fluid movement in the cement slurry. The second criterion is the characteristic of the beginning of the destruction of cement slurry solid skeleton by the filtration flow and the beginning of the channeling formation. Analysis of the methods for experimental evaluation of the indicated criteria has been carried out. It is shown that due to the instability of cement slurries properties it is fundamentally important to link the PPCS criteria to some characteristic time point. As such time point, the author proposes to use the end of repression on the formation - the beginning of the fluid inflow into the well. A description is given of several methods for determining the repression period. The most informative among these methods is the one that uses the dynamics of the pore pressure of cement slurries. A technique for obtaining pore pressure curves of cement slurries is recommended. This technique is suitable for use, including in industrial laboratories. A method for assessing the quality of reservoir isolation during the waiting-on-cement time and some methods for preventing behind-the-casing flows are presented.

References

1.  Levayn D.K. et al., Prevention of gas migration in the annulus of a cemented well (In Russ.), Neft', gaz i neftekhimiya za rubezhom, 1980, no. 10, pp. 8-17.

2. Oskarsen R.T.,Walzel D.,Wright J.W., Recommendations for advanced cementing methods (In Russ.), Neftegazovye tekhnologii, 2010, no. 4, pp.. 26-29.

3. Environmental technology in the oil industry: edited by Orszulik S.T., Dordrecht: Springer, 2016.

4. Gayvoronskiy A.A., Shul'ga G.P., Issledovanie tamponiruyushchikh svoystv tsementnykh rastvorov (Study of plugging properties of cement slurries), Collected papers “Sovershenstvovanie tekhnologii bureniya” (Improvement of drilling technology), Publ. of VNIIBT, 1965, V. 14, pp. 77–91.

5. Grachev V.V., Leonov E.G., Malevanskiy V.D., Pronitsaemost' skeleta stolba tsementnogo rastvora v period OZTs (Permeability of the skeleton of the cement mortar column during the WOC period), Collected papers “Razrabotka i ekspluatatsiya gazovykh i gazokondensatnykh mestorozhdeniy” (Development and operation of gas and gas condensate fields), Publ. of VNIIEGazprom, 1970, no. 7, pp. 9–16.

6. Geranin M.P., Solov'ev E.M., Evaluation of plugging capacity of cement slurries (In Russ.), Gazovaya promyshlennost', 1972, no. 2, pp. 4–7.

7. Khadur M.Kh., Formirovanie davleniya tsementnykh rastvorov v skvazhine v svyazi s gazoneftevodoproyavleniyami v period OZTs (The formation of pressure of cement mortars in the well in connection with the gas and oil showings during the WOC time): thesis of candidate of technical science, Moscow, 1991.

8. Dzhabarov K.A., Mathematical modeling the processes of behind-casing fluid movement in the wells during waiting on cement (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2019, no. 5, pp. 67–71, DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2019-5-67-71

9. Shchishchenko R.I. et al., Studying the nature of gas occurrences after casing cementing (In Russ.), Gazovaya promyshlennost', 1965, no. 9, pp. 7-11.

10. Fedorov V.N., Study the pore pressure drop in the cement solution (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2011, no. 5, URL: http://ogbus.ru/files/ogbus/authors/Fedorov/Fedorov_1.pdf

11. Certificate of authorship no. 599051, Sposob opredeleniya germetiziruyushchey sposobnosti tamponazhnykh rastvorov (Method for determining the sealing ability of cement slurries), Authors: Grachev V.V., Malevanskiy V.D.

12. Grant W.H. et al., Simplified slurry design increases wellsite success,

SPE-16135-PA, 1989, DOI: 10.2118/16135-PA

13. Dzhabarov K.A., Metody opredeleniya porovogo davleniya i neftegazoizoliruyushchey sposobnosti tsementnykh rastvorov (Methods for determining pore pressure and oil and gas insulating ability of cement mortars), Moscow: Publ. of VNIIEgazprom, 1991, 24 p.

14. Certificate of authorship no. 1537796, Ustroystvo dlya opredeleniya porovogo davleniya i tamponiruyushchey sposobnosti tamponazhnykh rastvorov (Device for determination of pore pressure and plugging capacity of cement slurries), 1987, Author: K.A. Dzhabarov

The author states that in order to solve the problem of behind-the-casing flows of liquids and gases, more information is needed on the plugging properties of cement slurries (PPCS) used in casing cementing. While waiting-on-cement time the hydrostatic pressure in the annular space decreases. This leads to the inflow of reservoir fluid into the well, the destruction of the still weak structure of the cement slurry and channeling formation. A list of PPCS criteria is proposed which are necessary and sufficient for assessing the intensity of filtration-suffusion flows and the state of integrity of the cement slurry structure. As a criterion of filtration properties, the so-called initial gradient is considered; it characterizes the conditions for the beginning of the pore fluid movement in the cement slurry. The second criterion is the characteristic of the beginning of the destruction of cement slurry solid skeleton by the filtration flow and the beginning of the channeling formation. Analysis of the methods for experimental evaluation of the indicated criteria has been carried out. It is shown that due to the instability of cement slurries properties it is fundamentally important to link the PPCS criteria to some characteristic time point. As such time point, the author proposes to use the end of repression on the formation - the beginning of the fluid inflow into the well. A description is given of several methods for determining the repression period. The most informative among these methods is the one that uses the dynamics of the pore pressure of cement slurries. A technique for obtaining pore pressure curves of cement slurries is recommended. This technique is suitable for use, including in industrial laboratories. A method for assessing the quality of reservoir isolation during the waiting-on-cement time and some methods for preventing behind-the-casing flows are presented.

References

1.  Levayn D.K. et al., Prevention of gas migration in the annulus of a cemented well (In Russ.), Neft', gaz i neftekhimiya za rubezhom, 1980, no. 10, pp. 8-17.

2. Oskarsen R.T.,Walzel D.,Wright J.W., Recommendations for advanced cementing methods (In Russ.), Neftegazovye tekhnologii, 2010, no. 4, pp.. 26-29.

3. Environmental technology in the oil industry: edited by Orszulik S.T., Dordrecht: Springer, 2016.

4. Gayvoronskiy A.A., Shul'ga G.P., Issledovanie tamponiruyushchikh svoystv tsementnykh rastvorov (Study of plugging properties of cement slurries), Collected papers “Sovershenstvovanie tekhnologii bureniya” (Improvement of drilling technology), Publ. of VNIIBT, 1965, V. 14, pp. 77–91.

5. Grachev V.V., Leonov E.G., Malevanskiy V.D., Pronitsaemost' skeleta stolba tsementnogo rastvora v period OZTs (Permeability of the skeleton of the cement mortar column during the WOC period), Collected papers “Razrabotka i ekspluatatsiya gazovykh i gazokondensatnykh mestorozhdeniy” (Development and operation of gas and gas condensate fields), Publ. of VNIIEGazprom, 1970, no. 7, pp. 9–16.

6. Geranin M.P., Solov'ev E.M., Evaluation of plugging capacity of cement slurries (In Russ.), Gazovaya promyshlennost', 1972, no. 2, pp. 4–7.

7. Khadur M.Kh., Formirovanie davleniya tsementnykh rastvorov v skvazhine v svyazi s gazoneftevodoproyavleniyami v period OZTs (The formation of pressure of cement mortars in the well in connection with the gas and oil showings during the WOC time): thesis of candidate of technical science, Moscow, 1991.

8. Dzhabarov K.A., Mathematical modeling the processes of behind-casing fluid movement in the wells during waiting on cement (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2019, no. 5, pp. 67–71, DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2019-5-67-71

9. Shchishchenko R.I. et al., Studying the nature of gas occurrences after casing cementing (In Russ.), Gazovaya promyshlennost', 1965, no. 9, pp. 7-11.

10. Fedorov V.N., Study the pore pressure drop in the cement solution (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2011, no. 5, URL: http://ogbus.ru/files/ogbus/authors/Fedorov/Fedorov_1.pdf

11. Certificate of authorship no. 599051, Sposob opredeleniya germetiziruyushchey sposobnosti tamponazhnykh rastvorov (Method for determining the sealing ability of cement slurries), Authors: Grachev V.V., Malevanskiy V.D.

12. Grant W.H. et al., Simplified slurry design increases wellsite success,

SPE-16135-PA, 1989, DOI: 10.2118/16135-PA

13. Dzhabarov K.A., Metody opredeleniya porovogo davleniya i neftegazoizoliruyushchey sposobnosti tsementnykh rastvorov (Methods for determining pore pressure and oil and gas insulating ability of cement mortars), Moscow: Publ. of VNIIEgazprom, 1991, 24 p.

14. Certificate of authorship no. 1537796, Ustroystvo dlya opredeleniya porovogo davleniya i tamponiruyushchey sposobnosti tamponazhnykh rastvorov (Device for determination of pore pressure and plugging capacity of cement slurries), 1987, Author: K.A. Dzhabarov


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