Features of environmental risk management in the oil and gas industry

UDK: 504.06
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2022-1-96-100
Key words: environmental protection, oil and gas industry, risks, environmental management system, sustainable development, environmental risks
Authors: O.G. Lapteva (NK Rosneft-NTC LLC, RF, Krasnodar), E.A. Merzlyakova (Rosneft Oil Company, RF, Moscow), N.V. Kiseleva (Kuban State University, RF, Krasnodar)

The article discusses international and national initiatives in the field of environmental protection, encouraging enterprises to increase attention to the implementation of environmental quality management systems and the continuous improvement of methodologies for determining and assessing environmental risks in order to increase the validity of management decisions. The analysis of the features of environmental risk management of oil and gas industry enterprises is carried out on the basis of a number of criteria: environmental management, the impact of activities on the environment and the openness of information based on the study of the data of environmental reports, reports on sustainable development, the final rating of openness of oil and gas companies in Russia in the field of environmental responsibility (published at the time of writing). Based on this information, a content analysis of the activities of a number of Russian oil and gas companies in the field of environmental initiatives, environmental management and risk management systems was conducted. As a result, a common vision of the situation was formed; common patterns and features of the complex under consideration, organizational risks faced by enterprises associated with the construction of a system of planning, monitoring and risk analysis were identified. Possible tools for improving the manageability of the system are proposed, such as automation of the process of identification, assessment, monitoring and analysis of risks; integration with software tools for modeling business processes; application of statistical methods for assessing risk data; analysis of cause-and-effect relationships of risk factor manifestations; organization of internal audit of the environmental management system taking into account risk data, which will increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the entire risk management system.

References

1. Tseli ustoychivogo razvitiya. OON i Rossiya: doklad o chelovecheskom razvitii v Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Sustainable development goals. UN and Russia: Human development report for the Russian Federation): edited by Bobylev S.N., Grigor'ev L.M., Moscow: Publ. of Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation, 2016, 293 p., URL: https://ac.gov.ru/files/publication/a/11068.pdf

2. Osnovy gosudarstvennoy politiki v oblasti ekologicheskogo razvitiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii na period do 2030 goda (Fundamentals of state policy in the field of environmental development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030), URL: http://government.ru/docs/7280/

3. Gallyamova E.I., Assessment of production risks as a method of safety management in the oil and gas industry (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2016, no. 3, URL: http://ogbus.ru/files/ogbus/issues/3_2016/ogbus_3_2016_p293-306_GallyamovaEI_ru.pdf

4. Butorin N.N., Pavlov D.A., Risk management automation (In Russ.), Vestnik nauki i obrazovaniya, 2018, V. 2, no. 5(41), pp. 39–41.

5. Tolstonogov A.A., Impact assessment of environmental risks to oil complex effectiveness (In Russ.), Fundamental'nye issledovaniya, 2015, no. 2-1, pp. 100–103, URL: http://fundamental-research.ru/ru/article/view?id =36625.

6. Otchet v oblasti ustoychivogo razvitiya PAO “NK “Rosneft'”, 2019 (2019 Rosneft sustainability report), Moscow: Publ. of Rosneft', 2020, 234 p, URL: https://www.rosneft.ru/Development/reports/

7. Otchet ob ustoychivom razvitii Gruppy “LUKOYL” za 2019 god (2019 LUKOIL Group Sustainability Report), Moscow: Publ. of LUKOYL, 2020, 187 p., URL: https://lukoil.ru/InvestorAndShareholderCenter/ ReportsAndPresentations/SustainabilityReport

8. Otchet Gruppy Gazprom o deyatel'nosti v oblasti ustoychivogo razvitiya za 2019 (2019 Gazprom Group sustainability report), Moscow: Publ. of Gazprom, 2020, 282 p., URL: https://www.gazprom.ru/f/posts/ 77/885487/sustainability-report-rus-2019.pdf.

9. Otchet ob ustoychivom razvitii  “Gazprom neft'” 2019 (2019 Sustainability report Gazprom Neft), Moscow: Publ. of Gazprom neft', 2020, 180 p., URL: https://csr2019.gazprom-neft.ru/#future-oriented-company.

10. Otchet ob ustoychivom razvitii “Transneft'” 2019 (2019, Transneft sustainable development report), Moscow: Publ. of Transneft', 2020, 178 p., URL: https://www.transneft.ru/development/otchet-ob-ystoichivom-razvitii/

11. Muzalevskiy A.A., Upravlenie riskom (Risk management), St. Petersburg: Publ. of RSHU, 2020, 56 p.

12. Fedorov A., Elmanova N., Vvedenie v OLAP-tekhnologii Microsoft (Introduction to Microsoft OLAP Technologies), Moscow: Dialog-MIFI Publ., 2002, 268 p.

13. Adler Yu.P., Shper V.L., Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo po statisticheskomu upravleniyu protsessami (A practical guide to statistical process control), Moscow: Al'pina Pablisher Publ., 2019, 234 p. 

14. Wader M., Lean tools - A pocket guide to implementing lean, Productivity & Quality Publishing Privat, 2018, 158 p.

15.  Liker J.K., The Toyota Way: 14 management principles from the world's greatest manufacturer, McGraw-Hill, 2004, 352 p.

The article discusses international and national initiatives in the field of environmental protection, encouraging enterprises to increase attention to the implementation of environmental quality management systems and the continuous improvement of methodologies for determining and assessing environmental risks in order to increase the validity of management decisions. The analysis of the features of environmental risk management of oil and gas industry enterprises is carried out on the basis of a number of criteria: environmental management, the impact of activities on the environment and the openness of information based on the study of the data of environmental reports, reports on sustainable development, the final rating of openness of oil and gas companies in Russia in the field of environmental responsibility (published at the time of writing). Based on this information, a content analysis of the activities of a number of Russian oil and gas companies in the field of environmental initiatives, environmental management and risk management systems was conducted. As a result, a common vision of the situation was formed; common patterns and features of the complex under consideration, organizational risks faced by enterprises associated with the construction of a system of planning, monitoring and risk analysis were identified. Possible tools for improving the manageability of the system are proposed, such as automation of the process of identification, assessment, monitoring and analysis of risks; integration with software tools for modeling business processes; application of statistical methods for assessing risk data; analysis of cause-and-effect relationships of risk factor manifestations; organization of internal audit of the environmental management system taking into account risk data, which will increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the entire risk management system.

References

1. Tseli ustoychivogo razvitiya. OON i Rossiya: doklad o chelovecheskom razvitii v Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Sustainable development goals. UN and Russia: Human development report for the Russian Federation): edited by Bobylev S.N., Grigor'ev L.M., Moscow: Publ. of Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation, 2016, 293 p., URL: https://ac.gov.ru/files/publication/a/11068.pdf

2. Osnovy gosudarstvennoy politiki v oblasti ekologicheskogo razvitiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii na period do 2030 goda (Fundamentals of state policy in the field of environmental development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030), URL: http://government.ru/docs/7280/

3. Gallyamova E.I., Assessment of production risks as a method of safety management in the oil and gas industry (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2016, no. 3, URL: http://ogbus.ru/files/ogbus/issues/3_2016/ogbus_3_2016_p293-306_GallyamovaEI_ru.pdf

4. Butorin N.N., Pavlov D.A., Risk management automation (In Russ.), Vestnik nauki i obrazovaniya, 2018, V. 2, no. 5(41), pp. 39–41.

5. Tolstonogov A.A., Impact assessment of environmental risks to oil complex effectiveness (In Russ.), Fundamental'nye issledovaniya, 2015, no. 2-1, pp. 100–103, URL: http://fundamental-research.ru/ru/article/view?id =36625.

6. Otchet v oblasti ustoychivogo razvitiya PAO “NK “Rosneft'”, 2019 (2019 Rosneft sustainability report), Moscow: Publ. of Rosneft', 2020, 234 p, URL: https://www.rosneft.ru/Development/reports/

7. Otchet ob ustoychivom razvitii Gruppy “LUKOYL” za 2019 god (2019 LUKOIL Group Sustainability Report), Moscow: Publ. of LUKOYL, 2020, 187 p., URL: https://lukoil.ru/InvestorAndShareholderCenter/ ReportsAndPresentations/SustainabilityReport

8. Otchet Gruppy Gazprom o deyatel'nosti v oblasti ustoychivogo razvitiya za 2019 (2019 Gazprom Group sustainability report), Moscow: Publ. of Gazprom, 2020, 282 p., URL: https://www.gazprom.ru/f/posts/ 77/885487/sustainability-report-rus-2019.pdf.

9. Otchet ob ustoychivom razvitii  “Gazprom neft'” 2019 (2019 Sustainability report Gazprom Neft), Moscow: Publ. of Gazprom neft', 2020, 180 p., URL: https://csr2019.gazprom-neft.ru/#future-oriented-company.

10. Otchet ob ustoychivom razvitii “Transneft'” 2019 (2019, Transneft sustainable development report), Moscow: Publ. of Transneft', 2020, 178 p., URL: https://www.transneft.ru/development/otchet-ob-ystoichivom-razvitii/

11. Muzalevskiy A.A., Upravlenie riskom (Risk management), St. Petersburg: Publ. of RSHU, 2020, 56 p.

12. Fedorov A., Elmanova N., Vvedenie v OLAP-tekhnologii Microsoft (Introduction to Microsoft OLAP Technologies), Moscow: Dialog-MIFI Publ., 2002, 268 p.

13. Adler Yu.P., Shper V.L., Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo po statisticheskomu upravleniyu protsessami (A practical guide to statistical process control), Moscow: Al'pina Pablisher Publ., 2019, 234 p. 

14. Wader M., Lean tools - A pocket guide to implementing lean, Productivity & Quality Publishing Privat, 2018, 158 p.

15.  Liker J.K., The Toyota Way: 14 management principles from the world's greatest manufacturer, McGraw-Hill, 2004, 352 p.



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