Changes of hydrocarbon and oil fractions contents in oily waste treated by different methods of bioremediation

Authors: R.Kh. Gumerova, P.Yu Galitskaya, O.R. Badrutdinov, S.Yu. Selivanovskaya (Volga Region) Federal University, RF, Kazan)

Key words: oily wastes, remediation, hydrocarbon fractions.

In this study content of oil fractions in wastes produced was estimated during oil extraction and transportation. It was demonstrated, that these wastes differ in their fraction content: either aromatic or saturated hydrocarbons are dominant. In modeling of bioremediation processes by means of composting with soil, compost and addition of sel ected microorganisms, different speed of degradation of different oily fractions was revealed. In case of low final content of oil, concentration of asphaltens and resins, in case of uncompleted degradation of hydrocarbons concentrations of asphaltens and aromatic hydrocarbons became higher. 

References
1. Lazar I., Dobrota S., Voicu A., Microbial degradation of waste hydrocarbons
in oily sludge fr om some Romanian oil fields, Journal of Petroleum Science
and Engineering, 1999, no. 22, pp. 151-160.
2. Solntseva N.M., Collected papers “Vosstanovlenie neftezagryaznennykh
pochvennykh ekosistem” (Restoration of contaminated soil ecosystems),
Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1988, pp. 23-42.
3. Pikovskiy Yu.I., Collected papers “Vosstanovlenie neftezagryaznennykh
pochvennykh ekosistem” (Restoration of contaminated soil ecosystems),
Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1988, pp. 7-22.
4. Kurakov A.B., Il'inskiy V.V., Kotel'tsev S.V., Sadchikov A.P., Bioindikatsiya i reabilitatsiya
ekosistem pri neftyanykh zagryazneniyakh (Bioindication and rehabilitation
of ecosystems with oil pollution), Moscow: Grafikon Publ., 2006,
336 p.
5. Reddy M.V., Devi M.P., Chandrasekhar K., Aerobic remediation of petroleum
sludge through soil supplementation: Microbial community analysis, Journal
of Hazardous Materials, 2011, no. 197, pp. 80– 87.
6. Wang X., Wang Q., Wang S., Effect of biostimulation on community level
physiological profiles of microorganisms in field-scale biopiles composed of
aged oil sludge, Bioresource Technology, 2012, no. 111, pp. 308-315.
7. Marin J.A., Hernandez T., Garcia C., Bioremediation of oil refinery sludge by
landfarming in semiarid conditions: Influence on soil microbial activity, Environmental
Research, 2005, no. 98, pp. 185–195.
8. PND F 16.1:2.2.22-98. Metodika vypolneniya izmereniy massovoy doli
nefteproduktov v pochvakh i donnykh otlozheniya metodom IK-spektrometrii
(The method for measuring the mass fraction of oil products in soils and sediments
by IR spectrometry), Moscow, 1998, 35 p.
9. Mishra S., Jyot J., Kuhad R.C., Lal B., Evaluation of inoculum addition to stimulate
in situ bioremediation of oily-sludge-contaminated soil, Applied and Environmental
Microbiology, 2001, V. 67, no. 4, pp. 1675-1681.
10. Roldán-Carrillo T., Castorena-Cortés G., Zapata-Peñasco I., Aerobic
biodegradation of sludge with high hydrocarbon content generated by a
Mexican natural gas processing facility, Journal of Environmental Management,
2011, no. 86, pp. 384-389.
11. Tahhan R.A., Ammari T.G., Goussous S.J., Al-Shdaifat H.I., Enhancing the
biodegradation of total petroleum hydrocarbons in oily sludge by a modified
bioaugmentation strategy, International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation,
2011, no. 65, pp. 130-134.

Key words: oily wastes, remediation, hydrocarbon fractions.

In this study content of oil fractions in wastes produced was estimated during oil extraction and transportation. It was demonstrated, that these wastes differ in their fraction content: either aromatic or saturated hydrocarbons are dominant. In modeling of bioremediation processes by means of composting with soil, compost and addition of sel ected microorganisms, different speed of degradation of different oily fractions was revealed. In case of low final content of oil, concentration of asphaltens and resins, in case of uncompleted degradation of hydrocarbons concentrations of asphaltens and aromatic hydrocarbons became higher. 

References
1. Lazar I., Dobrota S., Voicu A., Microbial degradation of waste hydrocarbons
in oily sludge fr om some Romanian oil fields, Journal of Petroleum Science
and Engineering, 1999, no. 22, pp. 151-160.
2. Solntseva N.M., Collected papers “Vosstanovlenie neftezagryaznennykh
pochvennykh ekosistem” (Restoration of contaminated soil ecosystems),
Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1988, pp. 23-42.
3. Pikovskiy Yu.I., Collected papers “Vosstanovlenie neftezagryaznennykh
pochvennykh ekosistem” (Restoration of contaminated soil ecosystems),
Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1988, pp. 7-22.
4. Kurakov A.B., Il'inskiy V.V., Kotel'tsev S.V., Sadchikov A.P., Bioindikatsiya i reabilitatsiya
ekosistem pri neftyanykh zagryazneniyakh (Bioindication and rehabilitation
of ecosystems with oil pollution), Moscow: Grafikon Publ., 2006,
336 p.
5. Reddy M.V., Devi M.P., Chandrasekhar K., Aerobic remediation of petroleum
sludge through soil supplementation: Microbial community analysis, Journal
of Hazardous Materials, 2011, no. 197, pp. 80– 87.
6. Wang X., Wang Q., Wang S., Effect of biostimulation on community level
physiological profiles of microorganisms in field-scale biopiles composed of
aged oil sludge, Bioresource Technology, 2012, no. 111, pp. 308-315.
7. Marin J.A., Hernandez T., Garcia C., Bioremediation of oil refinery sludge by
landfarming in semiarid conditions: Influence on soil microbial activity, Environmental
Research, 2005, no. 98, pp. 185–195.
8. PND F 16.1:2.2.22-98. Metodika vypolneniya izmereniy massovoy doli
nefteproduktov v pochvakh i donnykh otlozheniya metodom IK-spektrometrii
(The method for measuring the mass fraction of oil products in soils and sediments
by IR spectrometry), Moscow, 1998, 35 p.
9. Mishra S., Jyot J., Kuhad R.C., Lal B., Evaluation of inoculum addition to stimulate
in situ bioremediation of oily-sludge-contaminated soil, Applied and Environmental
Microbiology, 2001, V. 67, no. 4, pp. 1675-1681.
10. Roldán-Carrillo T., Castorena-Cortés G., Zapata-Peñasco I., Aerobic
biodegradation of sludge with high hydrocarbon content generated by a
Mexican natural gas processing facility, Journal of Environmental Management,
2011, no. 86, pp. 384-389.
11. Tahhan R.A., Ammari T.G., Goussous S.J., Al-Shdaifat H.I., Enhancing the
biodegradation of total petroleum hydrocarbons in oily sludge by a modified
bioaugmentation strategy, International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation,
2011, no. 65, pp. 130-134.


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