On the creation of a Russian accelerometer for borehole directional survey tasks

UDK: 622.241
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2021-8-30-35
Key words: inclinometer, accelerometer, pendulum, shock loads, vibrations, temperature, sensing element, Russian manufacturer
Authors: O.V. Zhdaneev (Russian Energy Agency of the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation), A.V. Zaitsev (Russian Energy Agency of the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation), S.F. Konovalov (Bauman University, RF, Moscow), A.E. Semenov (Bauman University, RF, Moscow; Serpukhov Plant Metallist JSC, RF, Serpukhov)

The article provides information on the development of accelerometers for directional surveying of oil and gas wells capable of operating under dynamic influences (shock, vibration and temperature) arising during the drilling process. The requirements for downhole telemetry equipment used in the process of drilling are analyzed in the context of the peculiarities of the operation of downhole inclinometers. The design of accelerometers for inclinometric measurements, produced abroad, as well as designs of similar devices of domestic development, is considered. The analysis of world trends in the development of accelerometers for use in inclinometers of downhole equipment is carried out. The history of the creation of Russian accelerometers of the compensation type is briefly described, the design features of accelerometers designed to operate under conditions of simultaneous impact of shocks up to 1000g with a pulse duration of 5 ms, vibrations up to 30g and temperatures above 150 ° C are also considered, which are used in downhole equipment in the process of drilling oil and gas wells. The necessity of organizing the serial production of Russian accelerometers by Russian instrument-making plants is also substantiated. Recommendations are given for organizing the production of domestic accelerometers suitable for use as a replacement for out-of-order foreign accelerometers, which are operated in Russian oil and gas fields both in domestic downhole equipment and in imported ones. The current situation on the creation of Russian accelerometers for downhole equipment operating in harsh operating conditions is highlighted, as well as the directions for creating Russian accelerometers with a classical architecture and accelerometers (also of a compensation type) manufactured using MEMS technology, which today have no analogues in the world.

References

1. Rodriguez A., MacMillan C., Maranuk C., Watson J., Innovative technology to extend EM-M/LWD drilling depth, SPE-166190-MS, 2013, DOI:10.2118/166190-MS.

2. Voprosy tekhnicheskoy politiki otrasley TEK Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Technical policy issues of the fuel and energy complex of the Russian Federation): edited by Zhdaneev  O.V., Moscow: Nauka Publ., 2020, 304 p., DOI:10.7868/9785020408241.

3. Zhdaneev O.V., Frolov K.N., Drilling technology priorities in Russia (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2020, no. 5, DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2020-5-42-48/

4. Lesso W. G., Rezmer-Cooper I. M., Chau M., Continuous direction and inclination measurements revolutionize real-time directional drilling decision-making, SPE-67752-MS, 2001, DOI: 10.2118/67752-MS.

5. Zalyaev M.F., The exploration of vibration while drilling wells on termokarstovoe gas deposit (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2015, V. 13, no. 4, pp. 36-40.

6. Millan E., Ringer M., Boualleg R., Li D., Real-time drillstring vibration characterization using machine learning, SPE-194061-MS, 2019, DOI:10.2118/194061-MS.

7. Mabile C., Desplans J.P., Pavone D., A new way of using surface measurements to detect down hole vibrations, SPE-36883-MS, 1996, DOI:10.2118/36883-MS.

8. URL: http://www.inertialsensor.com/qatl60.shml

9. Chao D., Zhuang Y., El-Sheimy N., An innovative MEMS-based MWD method for directional drilling, SPE-175898-MS, 2015, DOI:10.2118/175898-MS.

10. Palagin V.A., Frizuk A.E., Nanoimprinting – Nanolithography, Proceedings of International workshop on optoelectronic physics and technology, 2007, 20th June, pp. 63–67.

11. MEMS accelerometer performance comes of age, URL: https://www.analog.com/en/technical-articles/mems-accelerometer-performance-comes-of-age.html.

12. Osobennosti i sravnitel'nye kharakteristiki tekhnologiy izgotovleniya tverdotel'nykh akselerometrov (Features and comparative characteristics of technologies for the manufacture of solid-state accelerometers), URL: https://avi-solutions.com/library/statyi/osobennosti/.

13. Lu C., Jiang G., Wang Z., The development of and experiments on electromagnetic measurement while a drilling system is used for deep exploration, Journal of Geophysics and Engineering, 2016, V. 13, no. 5, pp. 824–831.

14. Konovalov S.F., Polynkov A.V., Seo J.B. et al., Research of operability of accelerometers at high-G linear acceleration, vibrating and shock effects without using test centrifuges, vibration and shock test tables, Proceedings of XIV Saint Petersburg international conference on integrated navigation systems, Saint Petersburg, 2007, pp. 125–132.

15. Patent RU2731652C1, Pendulum compensating accelerometer, Inventors:  Konovalov S.F., Mayorov D.V., Ponomarev Yu.A., Chulkov V.E.b Semenov A.E., Kharlamov M.S.

16. House D., Li D., Anisotropic etching, In: Encyclopedia of microfluidics and nanofluidics: edited by Li D., Springer, 2008, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-48998-8_35.

17. Chai J., Walker G., Wang L. et al., Silicon etching using only Oxygen at high temperature: An alternative approach to Si micro-machining on 150 mm Si wafers, Sci Rep. 5, 2016, Article no. 17811, https://doi.org/10.1038/srep17811, URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/srep17811.

18. Konovalov C.F., Ponomarev Yu.A., Mayorov D.V. et al., Hybrid MEMS gyroscopes and accelerometers (In Russ.), Nauka i obrazovanie: Nauchnoe izdanie MGTU im. N.E. Baumana, 2011, no. 10, URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/gibridnye-mikroelektromehanicheskie-giroskopy-i-akselerometry.

19. Konovalov S.F., Podchezertsev V.P., Mayorov  D.V. et al., Two-axis MEMS angular rate sensor with magnetoelectric feedback torques in excitation and measurement channels, Gyroscopy Navig., 2010, no. 1, pp. 321–329, https://doi.org/10.1134/S2075108710040140.

The article provides information on the development of accelerometers for directional surveying of oil and gas wells capable of operating under dynamic influences (shock, vibration and temperature) arising during the drilling process. The requirements for downhole telemetry equipment used in the process of drilling are analyzed in the context of the peculiarities of the operation of downhole inclinometers. The design of accelerometers for inclinometric measurements, produced abroad, as well as designs of similar devices of domestic development, is considered. The analysis of world trends in the development of accelerometers for use in inclinometers of downhole equipment is carried out. The history of the creation of Russian accelerometers of the compensation type is briefly described, the design features of accelerometers designed to operate under conditions of simultaneous impact of shocks up to 1000g with a pulse duration of 5 ms, vibrations up to 30g and temperatures above 150 ° C are also considered, which are used in downhole equipment in the process of drilling oil and gas wells. The necessity of organizing the serial production of Russian accelerometers by Russian instrument-making plants is also substantiated. Recommendations are given for organizing the production of domestic accelerometers suitable for use as a replacement for out-of-order foreign accelerometers, which are operated in Russian oil and gas fields both in domestic downhole equipment and in imported ones. The current situation on the creation of Russian accelerometers for downhole equipment operating in harsh operating conditions is highlighted, as well as the directions for creating Russian accelerometers with a classical architecture and accelerometers (also of a compensation type) manufactured using MEMS technology, which today have no analogues in the world.

References

1. Rodriguez A., MacMillan C., Maranuk C., Watson J., Innovative technology to extend EM-M/LWD drilling depth, SPE-166190-MS, 2013, DOI:10.2118/166190-MS.

2. Voprosy tekhnicheskoy politiki otrasley TEK Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Technical policy issues of the fuel and energy complex of the Russian Federation): edited by Zhdaneev  O.V., Moscow: Nauka Publ., 2020, 304 p., DOI:10.7868/9785020408241.

3. Zhdaneev O.V., Frolov K.N., Drilling technology priorities in Russia (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2020, no. 5, DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2020-5-42-48/

4. Lesso W. G., Rezmer-Cooper I. M., Chau M., Continuous direction and inclination measurements revolutionize real-time directional drilling decision-making, SPE-67752-MS, 2001, DOI: 10.2118/67752-MS.

5. Zalyaev M.F., The exploration of vibration while drilling wells on termokarstovoe gas deposit (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2015, V. 13, no. 4, pp. 36-40.

6. Millan E., Ringer M., Boualleg R., Li D., Real-time drillstring vibration characterization using machine learning, SPE-194061-MS, 2019, DOI:10.2118/194061-MS.

7. Mabile C., Desplans J.P., Pavone D., A new way of using surface measurements to detect down hole vibrations, SPE-36883-MS, 1996, DOI:10.2118/36883-MS.

8. URL: http://www.inertialsensor.com/qatl60.shml

9. Chao D., Zhuang Y., El-Sheimy N., An innovative MEMS-based MWD method for directional drilling, SPE-175898-MS, 2015, DOI:10.2118/175898-MS.

10. Palagin V.A., Frizuk A.E., Nanoimprinting – Nanolithography, Proceedings of International workshop on optoelectronic physics and technology, 2007, 20th June, pp. 63–67.

11. MEMS accelerometer performance comes of age, URL: https://www.analog.com/en/technical-articles/mems-accelerometer-performance-comes-of-age.html.

12. Osobennosti i sravnitel'nye kharakteristiki tekhnologiy izgotovleniya tverdotel'nykh akselerometrov (Features and comparative characteristics of technologies for the manufacture of solid-state accelerometers), URL: https://avi-solutions.com/library/statyi/osobennosti/.

13. Lu C., Jiang G., Wang Z., The development of and experiments on electromagnetic measurement while a drilling system is used for deep exploration, Journal of Geophysics and Engineering, 2016, V. 13, no. 5, pp. 824–831.

14. Konovalov S.F., Polynkov A.V., Seo J.B. et al., Research of operability of accelerometers at high-G linear acceleration, vibrating and shock effects without using test centrifuges, vibration and shock test tables, Proceedings of XIV Saint Petersburg international conference on integrated navigation systems, Saint Petersburg, 2007, pp. 125–132.

15. Patent RU2731652C1, Pendulum compensating accelerometer, Inventors:  Konovalov S.F., Mayorov D.V., Ponomarev Yu.A., Chulkov V.E.b Semenov A.E., Kharlamov M.S.

16. House D., Li D., Anisotropic etching, In: Encyclopedia of microfluidics and nanofluidics: edited by Li D., Springer, 2008, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-48998-8_35.

17. Chai J., Walker G., Wang L. et al., Silicon etching using only Oxygen at high temperature: An alternative approach to Si micro-machining on 150 mm Si wafers, Sci Rep. 5, 2016, Article no. 17811, https://doi.org/10.1038/srep17811, URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/srep17811.

18. Konovalov C.F., Ponomarev Yu.A., Mayorov D.V. et al., Hybrid MEMS gyroscopes and accelerometers (In Russ.), Nauka i obrazovanie: Nauchnoe izdanie MGTU im. N.E. Baumana, 2011, no. 10, URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/gibridnye-mikroelektromehanicheskie-giroskopy-i-akselerometry.

19. Konovalov S.F., Podchezertsev V.P., Mayorov  D.V. et al., Two-axis MEMS angular rate sensor with magnetoelectric feedback torques in excitation and measurement channels, Gyroscopy Navig., 2010, no. 1, pp. 321–329, https://doi.org/10.1134/S2075108710040140.



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