Integrated approach to the modeling of the carbonate reservoir with complicated trap structure in Eastern Siberia

UDK: 519.868 : 55
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2019-11-23-27
Key words: oil, non-anticlinal trap, complex reservoirs, conceptual model, Riphean sediments, Eastern Siberia
Authors: N.M. Kutukova (Rosneft Oil Company, RF, Moscow), V.L. Shuster (Oil and Gas Research Institute of RAS, RF, Moscow), M.V. Pankov (Vostsibneftegas PJSC, RF, Krasnoyarsk), N.B. Krasilnikova (RN-KrasnoyarskNIPIneft LLC, RF, Krasnoyarsk), A.A. Osipenko (RN-KrasnoyarskNIPIneft LLC, RF, Krasnoyarsk)

The decrease in oil reserves production in traditional terrigenous reservoirs on the territory of the Russian Federation makes more and more attention to the exploration and development of oil and gas deposits in carbonate deposits. One of such promising areas is the Yurubcheno-Tokhomsky oil and gas accumulation zone. It is a carbonate reservoir.

The article presents the results of studying the heterogeneous structure of the carbonate reservoir of the Riphean age of the Yurubcheno-Tokhomsky zone using petrophysical methods, core studies, including special methods for studying the different types of pore volume genesis (optical – microscopy, stereomicroscopy, tomography and microtomography and others). As a result of a combination of lithological and petrophysical studies, patterns of the distribution of slit-like voids in intraclast dolomites, as the main type of reservoir of a productive Riphean reservoir, are determined. Quantitative characteristics of various types of volume are given. Criteria for contouring and quantitative assessment of the the poro-perm properties of prospective intervals in the section of wells have been developed, and a conceptual geological model of the Riphean reservoir has been determined. Based on the systematization of geological, geophysical, and field information, criteria for the productivity of Riphean deposits, such as the presence of intraclast dolomites, silicification, increased fracturing, and clayiness, are determined. The identified criteria made it possible to establish the patterns of distribution of promising zones within the Yurubcheno-Tokhomsky reservoir, which made it possible to make field development more efficient. Thanks to the definition of the conceptual model, the trajectories of horizontal wells are currently being adjusted, which allows to receive initial oil rates of wells higher than planned.

References

1. Shuster V.L., Punanova S.A., Uglevodorodnye skopleniya v netraditsionnykh lovushkakh glubokozalegayushchikh otlozheniyakh severa Zapadnoy Sibiri – rezerv prirosta resursov nefti i gaza (Hydrocarbon accumulations in unconventional traps of deep-seated deposits in the north of Western Siberia - a reserve for the growth of oil and gas resources), Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference “Novye idei v geologii” (New Ideas in Geology), Moscow: Pero Publ., 2019, pp. 544–598.

2. Oknova N.S., Nonanticlinal traps – examples from Volga-Ural and Western Siberia oil-and-gas provinces (In Russ.), Neftegazovaya geologiya. Teoriya i praktika, 2012, V. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–14.

3. Kutukova N.M., Birun E.M., Malakhov R.A. et al., The conceptual model of Riphean carbonate reservoir in Yurubcheno-Tokhomskoye field (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2012, no. 11, pp. 4–7.

4. Kontorovich A.E., Baykitskiy region (Baikit region), Neftegazonosnye basseyny i regiony Sibiri (Oil and gas basins and regions of Siberia), 1994, V. 6, 52 p.

5. Kharakhinov V.V., Shlenkin S.I., Neftegazonosnost' dokembriyskikh tolshch Vostochnoy Sibiri na primere Kuyumbinsko-Yurubcheno-Tokhomskogo areala neftegazonakpoleniya (The oil and gas potential of the Precambrian strata of Eastern Siberia on the example of the Kuyumbinsko-Yurubcheno-Tokhomsky area of the oil and gas region), Moscow: Nauchnyy mir Publ., 2011, 420 p.

6. Kharakhinov V.V., Tektonicheskiy kontrol' i geodinamicheskie obstanovki formirovaniya mestorozhdeniy Yurubcheno-Tokhomskoy zony neftegazonakopleniya (Tectonic control and geodynamic settings of the formation of the Yurubcheno-Tokhomskoye oil and gas accumulation zone), Collected papers “Evolyutsiya tektonicheskikh protsessov v Istorii Zemli” (Evolution of tectonic processes in Earth History), Proceedings of XXXVII meeting, Part 2, Novosibirsk: Publ. of SB RAS, Geo Publ., 2004, pp. 252–253.

7. Atlas karbonatnykh kollektorov mestorozhdeniy nefti i gaza Vostochno-Evropeyskoy i Sibirskoy platform (Atlas of carbonate reservoirs oil and gas fields of the East European and Siberian platforms): edited by Bagrintseva K.I., Dmitrievskiy A.N., Bochko R.A., Moscow: Nauka Publ., 2003, 264 p.

8. Bagrintseva K.I., Krasil'nikova N.B. et al., Formation conditions and properties of the Riphean carbonaceous reservoirs of the Yurubcheno-Tokhomsk deposit (In Russ.), Geologiya nefti i gaza, 2015, no. 1, pp. 24–40.



The decrease in oil reserves production in traditional terrigenous reservoirs on the territory of the Russian Federation makes more and more attention to the exploration and development of oil and gas deposits in carbonate deposits. One of such promising areas is the Yurubcheno-Tokhomsky oil and gas accumulation zone. It is a carbonate reservoir.

The article presents the results of studying the heterogeneous structure of the carbonate reservoir of the Riphean age of the Yurubcheno-Tokhomsky zone using petrophysical methods, core studies, including special methods for studying the different types of pore volume genesis (optical – microscopy, stereomicroscopy, tomography and microtomography and others). As a result of a combination of lithological and petrophysical studies, patterns of the distribution of slit-like voids in intraclast dolomites, as the main type of reservoir of a productive Riphean reservoir, are determined. Quantitative characteristics of various types of volume are given. Criteria for contouring and quantitative assessment of the the poro-perm properties of prospective intervals in the section of wells have been developed, and a conceptual geological model of the Riphean reservoir has been determined. Based on the systematization of geological, geophysical, and field information, criteria for the productivity of Riphean deposits, such as the presence of intraclast dolomites, silicification, increased fracturing, and clayiness, are determined. The identified criteria made it possible to establish the patterns of distribution of promising zones within the Yurubcheno-Tokhomsky reservoir, which made it possible to make field development more efficient. Thanks to the definition of the conceptual model, the trajectories of horizontal wells are currently being adjusted, which allows to receive initial oil rates of wells higher than planned.

References

1. Shuster V.L., Punanova S.A., Uglevodorodnye skopleniya v netraditsionnykh lovushkakh glubokozalegayushchikh otlozheniyakh severa Zapadnoy Sibiri – rezerv prirosta resursov nefti i gaza (Hydrocarbon accumulations in unconventional traps of deep-seated deposits in the north of Western Siberia - a reserve for the growth of oil and gas resources), Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference “Novye idei v geologii” (New Ideas in Geology), Moscow: Pero Publ., 2019, pp. 544–598.

2. Oknova N.S., Nonanticlinal traps – examples from Volga-Ural and Western Siberia oil-and-gas provinces (In Russ.), Neftegazovaya geologiya. Teoriya i praktika, 2012, V. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–14.

3. Kutukova N.M., Birun E.M., Malakhov R.A. et al., The conceptual model of Riphean carbonate reservoir in Yurubcheno-Tokhomskoye field (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2012, no. 11, pp. 4–7.

4. Kontorovich A.E., Baykitskiy region (Baikit region), Neftegazonosnye basseyny i regiony Sibiri (Oil and gas basins and regions of Siberia), 1994, V. 6, 52 p.

5. Kharakhinov V.V., Shlenkin S.I., Neftegazonosnost' dokembriyskikh tolshch Vostochnoy Sibiri na primere Kuyumbinsko-Yurubcheno-Tokhomskogo areala neftegazonakpoleniya (The oil and gas potential of the Precambrian strata of Eastern Siberia on the example of the Kuyumbinsko-Yurubcheno-Tokhomsky area of the oil and gas region), Moscow: Nauchnyy mir Publ., 2011, 420 p.

6. Kharakhinov V.V., Tektonicheskiy kontrol' i geodinamicheskie obstanovki formirovaniya mestorozhdeniy Yurubcheno-Tokhomskoy zony neftegazonakopleniya (Tectonic control and geodynamic settings of the formation of the Yurubcheno-Tokhomskoye oil and gas accumulation zone), Collected papers “Evolyutsiya tektonicheskikh protsessov v Istorii Zemli” (Evolution of tectonic processes in Earth History), Proceedings of XXXVII meeting, Part 2, Novosibirsk: Publ. of SB RAS, Geo Publ., 2004, pp. 252–253.

7. Atlas karbonatnykh kollektorov mestorozhdeniy nefti i gaza Vostochno-Evropeyskoy i Sibirskoy platform (Atlas of carbonate reservoirs oil and gas fields of the East European and Siberian platforms): edited by Bagrintseva K.I., Dmitrievskiy A.N., Bochko R.A., Moscow: Nauka Publ., 2003, 264 p.

8. Bagrintseva K.I., Krasil'nikova N.B. et al., Formation conditions and properties of the Riphean carbonaceous reservoirs of the Yurubcheno-Tokhomsk deposit (In Russ.), Geologiya nefti i gaza, 2015, no. 1, pp. 24–40.




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