New environmental management tools of ISO 14001:2015 as a factor of oil and gas Russian enterprises sustainable development

UDK: 502.36:622.276
Key words: environmental management system, sustainable development, ISO 14001:2015, life cycle assessment, risk management
Authors: N.V. Pakhomova, A.V. Khoroshavin (Saint-Petersburg State University, RF, Saint-Petersburg)

The article analyzes the new requirements and guidelines of the international standard ISO 14001 version 2015 for environmental management systems in the context of sustainable business development with emphasis on its ‘environmental’ component. The authors studied the experience a number of Russian oil and gas companies in the implementation of the programs and the principles of sustainable development, as well as related issues, the elimination of which should be in the focus of attention of business and regulators in the transition period for the implementation of the standard. Among them we considered the specificity of national environmental legislation, lack of development of environmental infrastructure, a significant depreciation of fixed assets environmental protection, requiring a significant investment in the transition to the best available technology (BAT). The authors analyze the implementation of new environmental management tools introduced ISO 14001: 2015, including the following: the process approach to management, the analysis of the context of the organization and stakeholders requirements, risk analysis in management, life cycle management of products / services, the introduction of environmental performance indicators, management leadership. Special attention is paid to strengthening the complexity in the management of sustainable development of the organization by bringing in a uniform manner and 'baseline' maintenance systems for environmental and energy management, as well as quality and safety control.

A new generation of environmental management tools intended to support the implementation of the strategic objectives of enterprises, enhance their competitiveness and sustainable development in a changing macro and microenvironments and more stringent requirements of stakeholders.
References
1. The ISO Survey of Management System Standard Certifications, 2014, URL:
http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_survey_executive-summary.pdf?v2014
2. URL: http://rosneft.ru/Development/factors/
3. ISO 14001:2015, Environmental Management Systems – Requirements and
guidelines manual, 2015.
4. ISO 14001:2015 – main changes since 2004, URL: https://committee.iso.org/
sites/tc207sc1/home/projects/published/iso-14001---environmental-manage/
main-changes.html
5. Shmal' G.I., Kershenbaum V.Ya., Guseva T.A., Belozertseva L.Yu., New stage
of standardization in oil and gas industry (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo =
Oil Industry, 2015, no. 11, pp. 78–80.
6. Saudi Aramco, Annual Review, 2014, URL: http://www.saudiaramco.com/
en/home/news-media/publications/corporate-reports/annual-review-
2014.html
7. Peremitin G., Kick the habit: Saudi Arabia avoids oil dependence (In Russ.),
URL: http://www.rbc.ru/economics/25/04/2016/571e25bf9a7947290c55c814.
8. ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1, Annex SL (normative), Proposals for management
system standards of the Consolidated ISO Supplement, 2013.
9. Khoroshavin A.V., Approaches to implementation of international requirements
of ecological management in Russia (In Russ.), Ekologicheskoe pravo,
2014, no. 4, pp. 20–25.
10. URL: http://tatneft.ru/korporativnoe-upravlenie/upravlenieriskami/?
lang=ru
11. Ponkratov V.V., Pozdnyaev A.S., The oil production taxation in Russia - consequences
of tax maneuver (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry,
2016, no. 3, pp. 24–27.
12. Pakhomova N.V., Malyshkov G.B., Implementation of BAT as a basis for innovative
approaches to solving environmental problems (In Russ.), Ekologiya
proizvodstva, 2015, no. 10, pp. 46–52.

The article analyzes the new requirements and guidelines of the international standard ISO 14001 version 2015 for environmental management systems in the context of sustainable business development with emphasis on its ‘environmental’ component. The authors studied the experience a number of Russian oil and gas companies in the implementation of the programs and the principles of sustainable development, as well as related issues, the elimination of which should be in the focus of attention of business and regulators in the transition period for the implementation of the standard. Among them we considered the specificity of national environmental legislation, lack of development of environmental infrastructure, a significant depreciation of fixed assets environmental protection, requiring a significant investment in the transition to the best available technology (BAT). The authors analyze the implementation of new environmental management tools introduced ISO 14001: 2015, including the following: the process approach to management, the analysis of the context of the organization and stakeholders requirements, risk analysis in management, life cycle management of products / services, the introduction of environmental performance indicators, management leadership. Special attention is paid to strengthening the complexity in the management of sustainable development of the organization by bringing in a uniform manner and 'baseline' maintenance systems for environmental and energy management, as well as quality and safety control.

A new generation of environmental management tools intended to support the implementation of the strategic objectives of enterprises, enhance their competitiveness and sustainable development in a changing macro and microenvironments and more stringent requirements of stakeholders.
References
1. The ISO Survey of Management System Standard Certifications, 2014, URL:
http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_survey_executive-summary.pdf?v2014
2. URL: http://rosneft.ru/Development/factors/
3. ISO 14001:2015, Environmental Management Systems – Requirements and
guidelines manual, 2015.
4. ISO 14001:2015 – main changes since 2004, URL: https://committee.iso.org/
sites/tc207sc1/home/projects/published/iso-14001---environmental-manage/
main-changes.html
5. Shmal' G.I., Kershenbaum V.Ya., Guseva T.A., Belozertseva L.Yu., New stage
of standardization in oil and gas industry (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo =
Oil Industry, 2015, no. 11, pp. 78–80.
6. Saudi Aramco, Annual Review, 2014, URL: http://www.saudiaramco.com/
en/home/news-media/publications/corporate-reports/annual-review-
2014.html
7. Peremitin G., Kick the habit: Saudi Arabia avoids oil dependence (In Russ.),
URL: http://www.rbc.ru/economics/25/04/2016/571e25bf9a7947290c55c814.
8. ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1, Annex SL (normative), Proposals for management
system standards of the Consolidated ISO Supplement, 2013.
9. Khoroshavin A.V., Approaches to implementation of international requirements
of ecological management in Russia (In Russ.), Ekologicheskoe pravo,
2014, no. 4, pp. 20–25.
10. URL: http://tatneft.ru/korporativnoe-upravlenie/upravlenieriskami/?
lang=ru
11. Ponkratov V.V., Pozdnyaev A.S., The oil production taxation in Russia - consequences
of tax maneuver (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry,
2016, no. 3, pp. 24–27.
12. Pakhomova N.V., Malyshkov G.B., Implementation of BAT as a basis for innovative
approaches to solving environmental problems (In Russ.), Ekologiya
proizvodstva, 2015, no. 10, pp. 46–52.


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