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April 2014




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The oil and gas companies


Interview to the director of Business unit research and development "The oil and gas equipment" JSC UK Gruppa GMS A.N. Lishchuk
Accounting of hydrocarbonic raw materials: new view on habitual things. Stage research and development end


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Economy, management, the legal right


A.A. Berezina, A.E. Cherepovitsyn (National Mineral Resources University, RF, Saint-Petersburg)
Economical conception of oil&gas smart fields

Keywords: smart field, oil, gas, short-time planning, economical efficiency.

In the article results of smart fields’ projects, prospective ways of their use in the future in Russian oil and gas industry and forecasts of return on investment of smart fields projects are presented. Comparison of the modern situation in oil&gas recovery and management system “smart field” is made in the article. The definition of smart fields concept is given and some major factors, which describe smart fields, are presented.

References
1. Murray J., E&P Magazine, 2010, September, pp. 1-24.
2. Atnabaev A.I., Inzhenernaya praktika, 2010, no. 1, pp. 44-57.
3. Elvin Barber, Neftegazovoe obozrenie, 2008, pp. 22-37.

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Geology and geologo-prospecting works


N.G. Nurgalieva (Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, RF, Kazan),
On influence of stylolites on reservoir properties of famennian carbonate rocks using Fourier spectra

Key words: stylolite, limestone, Famennian stage, reservoir properties, Fourier spectra.

In present paper some aspects of stylolites morphology, classifications and genesis have been regarded on core samples of Famennian carbonate rocks from well on southern slope of South-Tatarian Dome. It was observed the presence of stylolites with sizes of 10-2m, of suture, prisma and peak shapes. Fourier spectra can be used to measure and to classify stylolites as well as to estimate their influence on reservoir properties of carbonate rocks.

References
1. Geologicheskoe stroenie i neftegazonosnost' Orenburgskoy oblasti (Geological
structure and hydrocarbon potential of the Orenburg region), Orenburg:
Orenburgskoe knizhnoe izdatel'stvo Publ., 1997, 272 p.
2. Dunham R.J., Classification of carbonate rocks according to depositional
texture, In: Classification of carbonate rocks according to depositional texture,
In: Classification of carbonate rocks – a symposium, AAPG Mem., 1962,
V. 1, pp. 108-121.
3. Lucia F.J., Rock fabric/petrophysical classification of carbonate pore
space for reservoir characterization, AAPG Bulletin, 1995, V. 79, no. 9, pp.
1275-1300.
4. Sheppard T.H., Stylolite development at sites of primary and diagenetic
fabric contrast within the Sutton Stone (Lower Lias), Ogmore-by-Sea, Glamorgan,
UK, Proceedings of the Geologists Association, 2002, V. 113, pp. 97-10.
5. Park W.C., Schot E.H., Stylolites: their nature and origin, J. of Sedimentary
Petrology, 1968, V. 38, pp. 175191.
6. Koehn D., Ebner M. Renard F., Toussaint R., Passchier C.W., Modelling of stylolite geometries and stress scaling, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2012,
V. 341, pp. 104-113.
7. Van Golf-Recht T.D., Fundamentals of fractured reservoir engineering, Elsevier
Scientific Publishing Co., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1982, 608 p.
8. Railsback L.B., Lithologic controls on morphology ofpressure-dissolution surfaces (stylolites and dissolution seams) in Palaeozoic carbonate rocks from the
Mideastern United States, J. of Sedimentary Petrology, 1993, V. 63, pp. 513-522.
9. Schroeder M., Fractals, chaos, power laws: minutes from an infinite paradise,
W H Freeman and Company, 1991, 429 p.
10. Nurgalieva N.G., Nurgaliev D.K., Uchenye zapiski Kazanskogo universiteta,
Seriya Estestvennye nauki, 2008, V. 150, no. 1, pp. 157-167.
11. Railsback L.B., Evaluation of spacing of stylolites and its impkications for
self-organization of pressure dissolution, J. of Sedimentary Research, 1998,
V. 68, pp. 2-7.

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R.A. Rezvanov (Oil and Gas Research Institute of RAS, RF, Moscow), O.A. Smirnov (Pangaea Inc., RF, Moscow)
Status and problems of the of pre-Jurassic basement petrophysical study by the example of Shaim region in Western Siberia

Key words: pre-Jurassic complex, study of the core, the description of thin sections, shales, reservoir, reservoir properties.

The descriptions of core samples and Paleozoic rocks thin sections of the four wells , the results of quantitative determinations of permeability indexes, porosity, water saturation, density and electrical resistivity , as well as relations between pairs of the most important characteristics are analyzed, factors that impede the use of well survey data for selection and evaluation of the reservoirs are identified. It is pointed to the lack of the experimental data on a number of characteristics of rocks that are important from the point of view of the evaluation of the effectiveness of the well survey methods and the development of the interpretation of their results applied to the study of the pre-Jurassic part of section. Weak relation between permeability and porosity index eliminates the possibility of reservoirs selection by the boundary value of the porosity index. It is necessary to create conditions for the manifestation of reservoirs direct signs (filter cake, radial resistance gradient) with verification by testing at least in the first wells.
References
1. Zubkov M.Yu., Shelepov V.V., Pecherkin M.F. Vasil'ev V.E., Proceedings of
2nd scientific and technical conference “Puti realizatsii neftegazovogo potentsiala
Khanty-Mansiyskogo avtonomnogo okruga” (Ways to implement
the oil and gas potential of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug), 1999,
V. 2, pp. 173-186.
2. Zalevskiy O.A., Valeev G.Z, Tsvetkova I.V., 11th scientific and practical conference Puti realizatsii neftegazovogo potentsiala Khanty-Mansiyskogo
avtonomnogo okruga (Ways to implement the oil and gas potential of the
Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug), 2008, V. 2, pp. 109-114
3. Mosunov A.Yu., Efimov V.A., Proceedings of 8th scientific and practical
conference Puti realizatsii neftegazovogo potentsiala Khanty-Mansiyskogo
avtonomnogo okruga (Ways to implement the oil and gas potential of the
Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug), 2005, V. 2, pp. 219-226.

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I.S. Putilov (PermNIPIneft Branch of LUKOIL-Engineering LLC in Perm, RF, Perm), V.I. Galkin Perm National Research Polytechnic University, RF, Perm)
Developing the technology for probabilistic and statistical forecast of oil-and-gas-bearing capacity of the South Perm Region

Key words: oil-and-gas content, local structure, seismic exploration, trend analysis.

The generalized seismogeological model of the South Perm Region is constructed. Structural attributes of the reflecting horizons are calculated. The quantitative characteristic of interrelation of structures of different horizons with oil fields and gas is given. The multivariate probability forecasting model of oil fields and gas is suggested.

References
1. Putilov I.S., Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanykh i gazovykh
mestorozhdeniy, 2013, no. 4, pp. 39-43.
2. Nosov M.A., Vestnik PNIPU. Seriya Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i gornoe delo,
2012, no. 4, pp. 15-22.
3. Galkin S.V., Vestnik PNIPU. Seriya Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i gornoe delo,
2012, no. 4, pp. 23-32.
4. Moroshkin A.N., Vestnik PNIPU. Seriya Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i gornoe
delo, 2012, no. 5, pp. 26-31.
5. Krivoshchekov S.N., Galkin V.I., Kozlova I.A., Vestnik PNIPU. Seriya Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i gornoe delo, 2012, no. 4, pp. 7-14.
6. Sosnin N.E., Vestnik PNIPU. Seriya Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i gornoe delo,
2012, no. 5, pp. 16-25.
7. Voevodkin V.L., Galkin V.I., Krivoshchekov S.N., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2012, no. 6, pp. 30-34.
8. Galkin V.I., Krivoshchekov S.N., Nauchnye issledovaniya i innovatsii, 2009,
V. 3, no. 4, pp. 3-7.
9. Galkin V.I., Rastegaev A.V., Galkin S.V., Voevodkin V.L., Nauka proizvodstvu,
2006, no. 1, pp. 1-5.
10. Galkin V.I., Krivoshchekov S.N., Nauchnye issledovaniya i innovatsii, 2011,
V. 5, no. 2, pp. 7-10.
11. Galkin V.I., Sosnin N.E., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2013, no. 4,
pp. 28-31.
12. Galkin V.I., Moroshkin A.N., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2013,
no. 5, pp. 6-9.
13. Rastegaev A.V., Moroshkin A.N., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry,
2013, no. 4, pp. 25-27.
14. Putilov I.S., Galkin V.I, Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2007, no. 9,
pp. 112-114.

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M.N. Bolshakov, N.A. Skibitskaya, V.A. Kuzmin, O.O. Marutyan (Oil and Gas Research Institute of RAS, RF, Moscow)
Measuring of residual hydrocarbon saturation by direct-flow capillary imbibition method

Key words: residual hydrocarbon saturation, direct-flow capillary imbibition, dynamic porosity.

The authors describe conception of structure-trapped volumes in oil-and-gas saturated rock pore space, forming due to big ratio (>>1) of pore and capillaries sections. An experimental method of structure-trapped oil-and-gas saturation index and dynamic porosity index measuring is brought in the article. Proposed method is found on direct-flow capillary imbibition phenomenon using proprietary laboratory facility. Filling field geological model with measured parameters (residual structure-trapped hydrocarbon saturation, dynamic porosity, and direct-flow capillary imbibition speed) will give a possibility to allocate the most attractive zones with big residual structure-trapped reserves, correct hydrodynamic model and make a choice of production technologies in allocated zones on a case-by-case basis.
References
1. Bol'shakov A.M., Zakharova M.I., Problemy analiza riska – Issues of risk analysis,
2012, V. 9, no. 3, pp. 22 33.
2. Bolshakov A., Zakharova M., Definition of possible scenarios of occurrence,
development and realization probability of emergencies on dangerous industrial
objects at low temperatures of exploitation, Journal of International Scientific
Publications: Materials, Methods & Technologies: Publishing by Info Invest
Bulgaria, 2012, V. 6, Part 3, pp. 4-16.
3. Makhutov N.A., Lyglaev A.V., Bol'shakov A.M., Zavodskaya laboratoriya. Diagnostika materialov - Industrial Laboratory, 2011, V. 77, no. 1, pp. 49-53.
4. Akimov V.A., Lapin V.L., Popov V.M., Puchkov V.A., Tomakov V.I., Faleev M.I., Nadezhnost' tekhnicheskikh sistem i tekhnogennyy risk (Reliability of technical
systems and technological risk), Moscow: Delovoy ekspress Publ., 2002, 368 p.

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V.Yu. Kerimov, A.V. Osipov (Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, RF, Moscow), E.A. Lavrenova (Soyuzmorgeo OJSC, RF, Gelendzhik)
The hydrocarbon potential of deep horizons in the south-eastern part of the Volga-Urals oil and gas province

Key words:great depths, petroleum systems, PreUral foredeep, basin modeling.

To evaluate the hydrocarbon potential of deep horizons in the south-eastern part of the Volga-Urals oil and gas province the authors have carried out a numerical basin modeling of petroleum systems of four oil and gas complexes of studied object: Lower Devonian-Frasnian, Frasnian-Tournaisian, Visean-Bashkirian and Lower Permian. The studies have allowed to reconstruct geological events of petroleum systems: determine the time of formation of source rocks, reservoir rocks, seal rocks, traps, overburden rocks, identify periods of generation, migration, accumulation and preservation of hydrocarbons and the critical moment of hydrocarbon systems. According to the results of work the authors created a forecasting model of the petroleum potential of the deep horizons of the south-eastern part of the Volga-Urals oil and gas province, the analysis of which has allowed to rank the considered territory in terms of oil and gas prospects for each oil and gas complexes, and also to identify promising areas of geological exploration for oil and gas within the studied object.

References
1. Guliev I.S., Kerimov V.Yu., Osipov A.V., Neft', gaz i biznes, 2011, no. 5, pp. 9-16.
2. Kerimov V.Yu., Osipov A.V., Monakova A.S., Zakharchenko M.V., Teoreticheskie osnovy i tekhnologii poiskov i razvedki nefti i gaza, 2012, no. 2, pp. 4–14.
3. Kerimov V.Yu., Karnaukhov S.M., Gorbunov A.A., Lavrenova E.A.,
Osipov A.V., Geologiya nefti i gaza The journal Oil and Gas Geology, 2013,
no. 6, pp. 21-28.
4. Osipov A.V., Neft', gaz i biznes, 2012, no. 11, pp. 44-49.
5. Osipov A.V., Monakova A.S., Zakharchenko M.V., Neft', gaz i biznes, 2013,
no. 2, pp. 52-57;
6. Lavrenova E.A., Kerimov V.Yu., Osipov A.V., Kruglyakova M.V.,
Gorbunov A.A., Proceedings of III International scientific and practical conference
for geologists and geophysicists “Problemy i dostizheniya neftegazovoy
geologii” (Problems and successes of Petroleum Geology), Kaliningrad,
2013, pp. 197-199.

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I.A. Tanygin (Gazpromneft Sakhalin LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg), D.E. Zagranovskaya, A.E. Simakov, V.V. Zhukov, V.N. Stavitskaya, D.N. Dmitruk (Gaspromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg)
Improving the geological structure of Dolginskoye field

Key words: skeleton limestone, sedimentological model, Timan-Pechora region, arctic shelf, stratigraphic unconformity.
The purpose was to improve the geological structure of Dolginskoye field, in the part of the stratigraphic correlation of objects, sedimentological description of the reservoir, the allocation of new volumetric objects. A revision of geological structure led to the specification of resources and change of priorities in the development field. The findings are the basis for planning future exploration.
Reference
1. Bilinchuk A.V., Bakhitov R.R., Sitnikov A.N., Bochkov A.S., Zhukov V.V., Zagranovskaya D.E., Zhukovskaya E.A., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2013, no. 5, pp. 44-48 .
2. Bogomolova N.A., Kuz'min D.A., Report “Obobshchenie geologo-geofizicheskikh dannykh po Pechorskomu moryu i prilegayushchey sushe
Nenetskogo avtonomnogo okruga s tsel'yu vyyavleniya perspektivnykh
napravleniy geologorazvedochnykh rabot” (Generalization of geological
and geophysical data on the Pechora Sea and adjacent land of Nenets Autonomous
District to identify promising directions of exploration work), St. Peterburg,
2009.
3. Zhukov A.P., Zhemchugova V.A., Epoe K.A., Berbenev M.O., Kholodilov V.A.,
Proceedings of XIV coordination geological meeting of Gazprom, 2009,
pp. 48-74.
4. VerzhbitskiyV.V., V.V. Anan'ev et al., Report "Vybor perspektivnykh
uchastkov dlya litsenzirovaniya v severo-zapadnykh regionakh RF" (Selection
of promising areas for licensing in the north-western regions of the Russian
Federation), St. Peterburg, 2009.
5. Simakov A.E., Zagranovskaya D.E., Stremichev E.V., Shestakova G.M.,
Dmitruk D.N., Stavitskaya V.N., Report Obobshchenie iskhodnoy geologicheskoy informatsii i materialov otsenki perspektivnosti osvoeniya zapasov Dolginskogo litsenzionogo uchastka (Generalization of the original geological
information and estimation of perspectivity of development of reserves Dolginskoye
license area), St. Peterburg, 2009.

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Drilling of chinks


D.V. Oreshkin, V.S. Semenov, T.A. Rozovskaya (Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, RF, Moscow)
Light-weight backfill mortars with antifreeze additives for the permafrost conditions

Key words: light-weight backfill mortar, hollow glass microspheres, Arctic grouting cements, antifreeze additives, cementing of permafrost well zones.

The paper considers the problem of cementing of oil and gas wells under difficult geological conditions when the well profile comes through the permafrost zones and the seams with low bearing capacity. It was shown that the optimal solution for cementing of such wells is the use of light-weight backfill mortars with antifreeze additives. Hollow glass microspheres are suggested to be used as a light-weight aggregate. It is shown that a higher consumption of antifreeze additives significantly reduces the strength of backfill stone and affects much the setting time and thickening time. The method of testing of backfill cements for the permafrost conditions, which takes into account the actual temperatures in the well and assumes lowering of the temperature during the curing time of the backfill stone was suggested. The aforesaid methodology was used to test the developed backfill mortars with hollow glass microspheres and antifreeze additives. It was found that for all tested antifreeze additives, the optimal results were obtained for the potash additive with a retarder for backfill mortars.

References

1. Vyakhirev V.I., Ippolitov V.V., Oreshkin D.V., et al., Oblegchennye i
sverkhlegkie tamponazhnye rast-vory (Lightened and super-lightened cement
slurry), Moscow: Nedra-Biznestsentr Publ., 1999, 180 p.
2. Ovchinnikov P.V., Kuznetsov V.G., Frolov A.A., et al., Spetsial'nye tamponazhnye materialy dlya nizko-temperaturnykh skvazhin (Special cement slurry
for low-temperature wells), Moscow: Nedra-Biznestsentr Publ., 2002, 115 p.
3. Oreshkin D.V., Frolov A.A., Ippolitov V.V., Problemy teploizolyatsionnykh tamponazhnykh materialov dlya usloviy mnogoletnikh merzlykh porod (Problems
of thermal insulation cement slurry for permafrost conditions), Moscow:
Nedra Publ., 2004, 232 p.
4. Bakirov D.L., Burdyga V.A., Svyatukhov D.S., Burdyga I.S., Stroitel'stvo
neftyanykh i gazovykh skvazhin na sushe i na more, 2013, no. 3, pp. 37–40.
5. Oreshkin D.V., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2008, no. 1, pp. 50 53.
6. Oreshkin D.V., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2004, no. 4, pp. 30 33.
7. Semenov V.S., Stroitel'nye materialy, 2011, no. 5, pp. 16-19.
8. Oreshkin D.V., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2004, no. 12, pp. 80 83.
9. Oreshkin D.V., Belyaev K.V., Semenov V.S., Kretova U.E., Inzhener-neftyanik, 2010, no. 3, pp. 43-44.
10. Oreshkin D.V., Belyaev K.V., Semenov V.S., Stroitel'stvo neftyanykh i
gazovykh skvazhin na sushe i na more, 2010, no. 11, pp. 4547.
11. Oreshkin D.V., Belyaev K.V., Semenov V.S., Stroitel'nye materialy, 2010,
no. 8, pp. 5154.
12. Shcherbich N.E., Beley I.I., Kashnikova L.L. et al., Burenie i neft', 2008, no. 4,
pp. 15-18.
13. Semenov V.S., Effektivnye oblegchennye kladochnye i tamponazhnye
rastvory dlya surovykh kli-maticheskikh usloviy (Effective lightened masonry
mortar and cement slurry for the harsh climatic condi-tions): Thesis of the candidate
of technical sciences, Moscow, 2011.
14. Gasumov R.A., Kondrenko O.S., Tolpaev V.A., Stroitel'stvo neftyanykh i
gazovykh skvazhin na sushe i na more, 2011, no. 2, pp. 2022.

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A.P. Melnikov, A.V. Panevnik (Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, Ukraine, Ivano-Frankivsk)
Operation of jet pumps for the oil & gas drilling industry

Key words: jet pump, ejector, head ratio, flow ratio.

The article considers the main purpose of jet pumps in the construction of oil and gas wells, namely, the increase in ROP. It is noted major shortcoming in the jet pump, its low efficiency, as well as the complexity of its increase in oil and gas companies. As a result of studies the authors propose methods to control and regulate the parameters of jet pumps for efficient operation in oil and gas companies.
References
1. Sazonov Yu.A., Razrabotka ustroystva, snizhayushchego differentsial'noe
davlenie na zaboe skvazhiny i povyshayushchego skorost' bureniya (Development
of the device, reducing the differential pressure at the bottom of the
well, and enhances the speed of drilling): Thesis of the candidate of technical
science, Moscow, 1989, 176 p.
2. Kamenev P.N., Gidroelevatory v stroitel'stve (Hydraulic elevator for construction), Moscow: Stroyizdat Publ., 1970, 416 p.
3. Kirillovskiy Yu.L., Podvidz L.G., Proceedings of Institute of hydraulic machinery
construction (VIGM), 1960, V. 26, pp. 96-135.
4. Sokolov E.Ya. Zinger N.M., Struynye apparaty (Jet devices), Moscow: Energiya Publ., 1970, 288 p.
5. Mel'nikov O.P., Panevnik O.V., Naftova gazova promislovst', 2012, no. 1,
pp. 24–27.

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Working out and operation of oil deposits


M.V. Chertenkov, A.I. Chuiko, D.A. Mett (LUKOIL-Engineering LLC, RF, Moscow)
Using hydrodinamical study results for detailed geological and hydrodynamic simulation

Key words: hydrodynamic modeling, well testing.

One of the most urgent tasks in the verifying reservoir properties is to determine the structure of arrays of carbonate fractured or cavernous fractured zones. Such reservoir carry both positive and negative features: high flow rates with rapid flooding (if production well reveals the fractured zone) and rather low flow rate values with a low coefficient of reduction (if the well reveals the "matrix" part). However, to control the development of such reservoirs requires detailed geological and hydrodynamic model, which takes into account not only the presence of inhomogeneities, but also changes in their properties for real values of depression and repression.
References
1. Minlikaev V.Z., Proceedings of BashNIPIneft', 1997, V. 92, pp. 87-95.
2. Hussein As.M. , Minton J., Rawnsley K.D., Li Q. et al., Coupled reservoir geomechanical modeling of a Thermal Gas-Oil-Gravity-Drainage project,
SPE EOR Conference at Oil & Gas West Asia, 11-13 April, Muscat, Oman,
SPE-127822-MS
3. Mett D.A., Slavkin V.S., Neft', gaz i biznes, 2012, no. 1, pp. 11-15.
4. Khromova I.Yu., The journal Oil and Gas Geology, 2008, no. 3, pp. 12–16.
5. Earlougher R.C., Advances in well test analysis, 11th printing, New York: Soc.
of petroleum engineers, 2003.

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D.A. Martyushev (Perm National Research Polytechnic University, RF, Perm)
Evaluation of fracture porosity of carbonate reservoir using probabilistic-statistical methods

Key words: initial production rate, cumulative production, pressure build-up curve, fracturing porosity of reservoir, carbonate reservoir.

The author considers carbonate reservoirs in the north of the Perm region. Frequency graphs are constructed using cumulative oil production of wells, as well as correlation function of the initial well production. The results of pressure build-up curves analysis are compared with the calculation data obtained by probabilistic-statistical methods.
References
1. Cherepanov S.S., Martyushev D.A., Ponomareva I.N., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo. – Oil Industry, 2013, no. 3, pp. 62-65.
2. Martyushev D.A., Mordvinov V.A., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry,
2014, no. 1, pp. 67-69.
3. Martyushev D.A., Chumakov G.N., Neft', Gaz i Biznes, 2013, no. 11, pp. 46-48.
4. Cherepanov S.S., Martyushev D.A., Ponomareva I.N., Khizhnyak G.P.,
Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2013, no. 4, pp. 60-61.
5. Erofeev A.A., Ponomareva I.N., Turbakov M.S., Inzhener-neftyanik, 2011,
no. 3, pp. 12-15.
6. Shcherbakov A.A., Turbakov M.S., Dvoretskas R.V., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo
Oil Industry, 2012, no. 12, pp. 97-99.
7. Nelson R.A., Geological analysis of naturally fractured reservoirs, 2nd ed.,
Gulf Publishing, Houston, Texas, Contr.in Petrol. Geology and Eng., 2001,
332 p.
8. Khisamov R.S., Khamidullin M.M., Nechval' S.V. et al., Neftepromyslovoe
delo, 2006, no. 1, pp. 21-24.
9. Dzyubenko A.I., Nikonov A.N., Vestnik PNIPU. Seriya Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i gornoe delo, 2012, no. 4, pp. 56-63.
10. Erofeev A.A., Mordvinov V.A., Vestnik PNIPU. Seriya Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i gornoe delo, 2012, no. 5, pp. 57-62.

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L.S. Brilliant, P.A. Evdoshchuk, M.A. Antipin, Yu.A. Plitkina (TING CJSC, RF, Tyumen), S.N. Zakirov, I.M. Indrupsky, O.A. Lobanova (Oil and Gas Research Institute of RAS, RF, Moscow)
Study of effective brownfield development by the means of oil resaturation with evolved gas in situ

Key words: dissolved gas, reservoir pressure, saturation pressure, oil recovery factor, sherkalinskaya suite.

Development of oil bearing formations characterized by the values of dissolved gas saturation pressure closest to initial reservoir pressure usually subject to the negative effects of evolving the gas phase and its affect on oil relative permeability in the presence of water and free gas. The question about the reversibility of such process is crucial for the development planning of oil bearing formations in which period of exploitation pressure declined bellow the bubble point. Generalizing the different scientists’ studies the present article justifies the possibility of restoration the productivity potential of such objects by the means of elimination of gas plugs by its resaturation in liquid hydrocarbon phase during the reservoir pressure build-up.

Reference
1. Lazeev A.N., Gnilitskiy R.A., Nikolaev M.N. et al., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo –
Oil Industry, 2012, no. 9, pp. 64-67.
2. Brilliant L.S., Plitkina Yu.A., Antipin M.A. et al., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2012, no. 10, pp. 6065.
3. Buleyko V.M., Gazovaya promyshlennost' GAS Industry in Russia, 2007,
no. 1, pp. 22-25.
4. Mirzadzhanzade A.Kh., Kuznetsov O.L., Basniev K.S., Aliev Z.S., Osnovy
tekhnologii dobychi gaza (Foundations of the technology of gas production),
Moscow: Nedra Publ., 2003, 880 p.
5. Rozenberg M.D., Kundin S.A., Mnogofaznaya mnogokomponentnaya fil'-
tratsiya pri dobyche nefti i gaza (Multiphase multicomponent filtration in oil
and gas production), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1976, 335 p.
6. Stewart F.M. Garthwaite D.L., Krebill F.K., Pressure Maintenance by inert gas
injection in the High-Relief Elk Basin field, AIME (1955), 204, p. 52.
7. Cook A.B., Coulter R.H., Spencer G.B. et al., Put your stored gas to work at
a profit, World oil, 1956, July, p. 135.
8. Cheney M.G., Reservoir oil resaturation with gas during pressure build-up,
Journal of Petroleum Technology, 1958, V. 10/1, January. p.
9. Buleyko V.M., Zakonomernosti fazovykh prevrashcheniy uglevodorodnykh
smesey v neftegazonosnykh plastakh razrabatyvaemykh mestorozhdeniy
(Regularities of phase transformations of hydrocarbon mixtures in oil and gas
reservoirs of developed deposits): Thesis of the doctor of technical sciences,
Moscow, 2007.
10. Ahmed T.H., Reservoir Engineering handbook. Second edition, Gulf professional publishing, 2001, 873 p.
11. Dake L.P., The Practice of reservoir engineering (Revised edition), Elsevier
Science, 570 p.
12. Lobanova O.A., Proceedings of IV International scientific symposium
"Teoriya i praktika primeneniya metodov uvelicheniya nefteotdachi plastov"
(Theory and practice of EOR methods), Moscow, 18-19 September
2013, pp. 7680.
13. Nikolaev V.A., Zakirov S.N., Zakirov E.S., Doklady RAN, 2011, V. 436, no. 1, pp. 69-71.
14. Zakirov S.N., Roshchina I.V., Indrupskiy I.M., Roshchin A.A., Razrabotka
mestorozhdeniy nefti i gaza s superkollektorami v produktivnom razreze (Development of oil and gas super reservoirs in the pay zone), Moscow: OOO “Kontent-press” Publ., 2011, 248 p.

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V.A. Lepikhin, V.V. Firsov (Orenburgneft JSC, RF, Orenburg), M.V. Demin, S.V. Podlivakhin (Delica LLC)
Experience of using and improving the technology for elimination of injected water breakthrough motion in the fields of Orenburgnef JSC

Key words: rate of water encroachment of pool, conformance control, enhanced oil recovery, incremental ultimate recovery, injection capacity.

The problems of oil-field development using flooding are described. There is presented the experience of the application of technologies to increase oil recovery by conformance control in injection wells in the oil fields of Orenburgneft JSC. A comparative analysis of the technologies for EOR, the effectiveness of the performed work is described.
References
1. Lipatov O.A., Novikov A.G., Proizvodstvo rabot po vyravnivaniyu profilya
priemistosti nagnetatel'nykh skvazhin i uvelicheniyu okhvata zalezhi
protsessami vytesneniya po tekhnologii GelFlow-makh™ (Works on leveling
the injectivity profile of injection wells and increase the coverage
of displacement process technology GelFlow-max on reservoir):
Process regulations, 2009.
2. Grechishnikov V.A., Novikov A.G., Proizvodstvo rabot po vyravnivaniyu
profilya priemistosti nagnetatel'nykh skvazhin i uvelicheniyu okhvata zalezhi
protsessami vytesneniya po tekhnologii GelFlow-makh (Works on
leveling the injectivity profile of injection wells and increase the coverage
of displacement process technology GelFlow-max on reservoir):
Process regulations, 2011.

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M.K. Rogachev, A.O. Kondrashov (National Mineral Resources University, RF, Saint-Petersburg), O.F. Kondrashov (Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, RF, Ufa)
Water-shut-off polymeric composition for low-permeable reservoirs

Key words: polymeric composition, water-shut-off, surfactant, low-permeable reservoir.

The article presents the results of research of developing a polymeric composition for intrastratal water-shut-off in low-permeable reservoirs.Polymeric compositions (aqueous alkaline solutions of hydrolyzed akril-contain polymer) were selected as objects of the study with the addition of the nonionic surfactant with hydrophobic properties (this surfactant is the reaction product of unsaturated fatty acids with amines and their derivatives).As a result of complex research, new hydrophobized polymeric composition was designed, brought to the industry and recommended for use in intrastratal water-shut-off in low permeable reservoirs. Compared with a conventional aqueous acrylic polymer, developed polymer composition reduces pressure injection into the reservoir and increases the residual resistance factor.

References
1. Gazizov A.Sh., Gazizov A.A., Povyshenie effektivnosti razrabotki neftyanykh
mestorozhdeniy na osnove ogranicheniya dvizheniya vod v plastakh (Improving
the efficiency of oilfield development by limiting the movement of
water in reservoirs), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1999, 285 p.
2. Strizhnev K.V., Remontno-izolyatsionnye raboty v skvazhinakh: Teoriya i praktika (Squeeze job: Theory and Practice), St. Peterburg: Nedra Publ., 2010,
560 p.
3. Rogachev M.K., Strizhnev K.V., Bor'ba s oslozhneniyami pri dobyche nefti
(Complication control during oil production), Moscow: Nedra–Biznestsentr
Publ., 2006, 295 p.
4. Vinogradov V.G., Malkin A.Ya., Reologiya polimerov (Reology of polymers),
Moscow: Khimiya Publ., 1977, 440 p.
5. Ur'ev N.B., Vysokokontsentrirovannye dispersnye sistemy (Highly concentrated
disperse systems), Moscow: Khimiya Publ., 1980, 320 p.
6. Kondrashev O.F., Sharipov A.U., Modifikatsiya strukturnomekhanicheskikh
svoystv polimerov v poristoy srede (Modification of the structural and mechanical
properties of polymers in a porous medium), Moscow: Geoinformak Publ., 2000, 56 p.

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A.V. Karaketov (Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, RF, Moscow)
Substantiation of effectiveness of vibroseismic stimulation on deposit

Key words: enhanced oil recovery, vibroseis stimulation on formation, shock supplies of seismic waves.

The article presents a theoretical substantiation of positive effect of vibroseis impact on filtration processes and results of experimental researches on oil displacement in the elastic wavefield. The author has analyzed the physical mechanisms of vibroseis stimulation on the reservoir. Physical dependences for various types of wettability have been obtained. These conditions are in good agreement with experimental results. The author has developed a model of discrete movement clamped “dropping” oil during vibroseis impact on deposit, revealing some aspects oscillatory processes effect on the EOR. It is noted that apart from the effect on capillary-adhesion phenomena elastic waves also affect the rheological properties of oil, on the stress-strain state of the reservoir and on many other physical phenomena, directly and indirectly affecting the oil recovery processes. The results of research are recommended to use in selecting the optimal method of reservoir stimulation, in order to increase oil recovery.
References
1. Kuznetsov O.L. Simkin E.M, Chilingar Dzh., Fizicheskie osnovy vibratsionnogo
i akusticheskogo vozdeystviy na neftegazovye plasty (Physical basis of the vibration
and acoustic impacts on oil and gas reservoirs), Moscow: MIR Publ.,
2001, 260 p.
2. Drozdov A.N., Mokhov M.A., Verbitskiy V.S., Burenie i neft', 2003, no. 10,
pp. 24–25.
3. M.A. Mokhov, V.A. Sakharov, Khabibullin Kh.Kh., Neftepromyslovoe delo,
2004, no. 4, pp. 2428.
4. Svalov A.M., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 1999, no. 11, pp. 2627.
5. Svalov A.M., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 1996, no. 7, pp. 2729.
6. Nazarova L.N., Razrabotka neftegazovykh mestorozhdeniy s trudnoizvlekaemymi
zapasami (Development of oil and gas fields with hard-to-recover
reserves), Moscow: Publ. of RGU nefti i gaza imeni I.M. Gubkina, 2011,
156 p.
7. Vakhitov G., Kuznetsov O.L., Simkin E.M., Termodinamika prizaboynoy zony
neftyanogo plasta (Thermodynamics of bottomhole zone of the oil reservoir),
Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1978, 215 p.
8. Kapillyarnaya khimiya (Sapillary chemistry): edited by Tamaru K., Japanese
translation edited by Spinkin A.A., Moscow: Moskva, Mir Publ., 1983, 180 p.
9. Dyblenko V.P., Tufanov I.A., Sharifullin R.Ya. Kamalov R.N., Povyshenie produktivnosti i reanimatsii skvazhin s primeneniem vibrovolnovogo vozdeystviya
(Increased productivity and resuscitation of wells using vibrowave impact),
Moscow: Nedra Publ., 2000, 381 p.

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Technics and technology of oil recovery


R.R. Kadyrov, A.V. Patlay (TatNIPIneft, RF, Bugulma), D.K. Khasanova (Nauka OOO, RF, Almetyevsk), T.A. Baiburdov, L.L. Stupenkova (AKRIPOL OOO, RF, Saratov)
Water shutoff jobs in porous-fractured carbonate reservoirs using water-swellable elastomers

Key words: water-swellable polymer, elastomer, plugging ability, carbonate reservoir.

Due to significant depletion of reserves in Devonian terrigenous formations, carbonate reservoirs are often considered as targets for resuming production in spite of their complex geometry and high water cut. In this regard customized synthesis of water-shutoff chemicals is required to effectively shut off unwanted water production. One of the most promising water shutoff techniques analyzed in this paper is application of a modified elastomer which swells in water to a limited degree and maintains its plugging ability for a long period of time.

References
1. Bayburdov T.A., Stupen'kova L.L., Bolotova L.I., Interval, 2009, no. 1, pp. 32.
2. Patent no. 2167281 RF, MPK E 21 B 43/22, Method of nonuniform formation
development, Inventors: Shvetsov I.A., Kabo V.Ya., Manyrin V.N., Dosov A.N.,
Manyrin V.N., Savel'ev A.G..
3. RD 153-39.0-793-12, Instruktsiya po tekhnologii ogranicheniya vodopritoka
v karbonatnykh kollektorakh s ispol'zovaniem vodonabukhayushchikh elastomerov
(Instructions for technology to water shut-off in carbonate reservoirs
using water swellable elastomers): approved OAO "Tatneft", 12.24.2012, Bugul'ma: Publ. of TatNIPIneft', 2012, 13 p.

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Rational use of oil gas


A.N. Drozdov (Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, RF, Moscow)
Utilization of associated petroleum gas with using of existing field infrastructure

Key words: utilization of associated gas, field infrastructure, pump, jet apparatus, pump-ejecting system.

There are many reasons of not sufficiently associated gas utilization – the absence of gas pipelines, remoteness and marginal fields, the lack of gas consumers in the areas of production, etc. However, analysis of field data shows that in many cases gas passing can be disposed through its joint transportation with the liquid through pipelines to the plant complex of oil and gas preparation with subsequent delivery to consumers. This requires minimal additional capital investment. Operating costs in some cases can even be reduced with the maximum use of existing field infrastructure and adding jet apparatus (ejectors) to the equipment of booster pump stations.
References
1. Maron V.I., Gidrodinamika odnofaznykh i mnogofaznykh potokov v truboprovode (Hydrodynamics of single- and multiphase flows in a conduit),
Moscow: MAKS press Publ., 2009, 344 p.
2. Krasil'nikov I.A., Razrabotka metodiki rascheta kharakteristik zhidkostnogazovykh ezhektorov dlya ekspluatatsii skvazhin i vodogazovogo
vozdeystviya na plast s ispol'zovaniem nasosno-ezhektornykh sistem (Development
of methodology for calculation of liquid-gas ejectors for the operation
of wells and water-gas stimulation using ejector-pump systems): Thesis of
the candidate of technical science, Moscow, 2010.
3. Spasskiy K.N., Shaumyan V.V., Novye nasosy dlya malykh podach i vysokikh
naporov (New pumps for small flow rates and high heads), Moscow:
Mashinostroenie Publ., 1972, 160 p.
4. Kopylov V.A.,Ochistka stochnykh vod i uplotnenie osadkov tsellyulozno-bumazhnogo proizvodstva (Wastewater treatment and sludge thickening of
pulp and paper production), Moscow: Lesnaya promyshlennost' Publ., 1983,
176 p.
5. Drozdov A.N., Tekhnologiya i tekhnika dobychi nefti pogruzhnymi nasosami
v oslozhnennykh usloviyakh (Technology and engineering of oil production
with submersible pumps in the complicated conditions), Moscow: MAKS
press Publ., 2008, 312 p.

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The oil-field equipment


E.G. Stryukov (hernomorneftegas SSC, Crimea, Chernomorskoye)
Technology of installation of a gravel filter in directional and horizontal wells

Key words: horizontal well, inclined directed well, unstable collector of oil and gas, gravel filter.

Extraction of hydrocarbons from productive stratums consisting of fragile low cement rocks accompanied by the release of reservoir rock particles in the well, which leads to the formation of sand plugs on borehole bottom or on tubing string. Installation of gravel filter in the well is one of the solutions of this problem. With the view to optimize constructions of gravel filter elements, simulation of fluid gravel mixture during the installation of gravel filter in horizontal well was realized. The practical need of hydrodynamics study for circular channels leads to numerical calculation of set of basic models with varying degrees of simplification. This work presents basic regulations and design data.

References
1. Patent no. 97518A Ukrana, MPK S2 E21V 43/08, Sposb sporudzhennya
gravynogo fl'tra u sverdlovin ta vdnovlennya yogo fl'tratsynikh kharakteristik u
protses ekspluatats sverdlovini (The method of construction gravel filter in the
well and restore its filtration characteristics in the operation of wells), Inventors:
Stryukov .G., Yaremychuk R.S., Nkolenko .V., Bacherkov O.V. et al.
2. Stryukov E.G., Luk'yanenko V.A., Dinamicheskie sistemy, 2011, V. 1 (29), no. 1, pp. 169–190.
3. Yaremiychuk R.S., Kachmar Yu.D., Vskrytie produktivnykh gorizontov i osvoenie skvazhin(Opening of the productive horizons and wells development), L'vv: Vishcha shkola Publ., 1982, 152 p.

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N.S. Zakharov (Tyumen State Oil and Gas University, RF, Tyumen), S.A. Savin, M.M. Ivankiv, A.A. Lushnikov (Surgutneftegas OJSC, RF, Surgut)
Factors influencing on downtime of transport-technological cars under current repairs

Key words: oil-and-gas production, transport-technological system, special equipment vehicles, current repairs, downtime.

In the article, an issue of down time reducing of transport-technological cars under current repairs is considered. The executed researches established the preliminary list of the factors most influencing special equipment vehicles under current repairs down time. The obtained results will allow to determine regularities of these factors influence on cars under current repairs down time and to develop a model of the studied system as a whole. Such model will allow estimating influence of technical and technological actions and making and realizing administrative decisions.

References
1. Zakharov N.S., Novoselov O.A., Ivankiv M.M., Lushnikov A.A., Izvestiya vuzov “Neft' i gaz”, 2013, no. 1, pp. 70–75.
2. Zakharov N.S., Izvestiya vuzov Neft' i gaz, 1997, no. 6, pp. 157.
3. Grigor'yan T.A., Zakharov N.S., Proceedings of International Scientific and
Practical Conference Problemy adaptatsii tekhniki k surovym usloviyam
(Problems of adaptation techniques to the harsh conditions), Tyumen': Publ.
of TSOGU, 1999, pp. 4956.
4. Dovbnya B.E., Vliyanie sezonnykh izmeneniy intensivnosti ekspluatatsii na
proizvodstvennuyu programmu predpriyatiy po tekhnicheskomu obsluzhivaniyu
avtomobiley (Influence of seasonal changes in the intensity of
operation on production program of vehicles maintenance): thesis of candidate
of technical science, 2000.
5. Zakharov N.S., Abakumov G.V., Karnaukhov V.N., Izvestiya Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Tekhnicheskie nauki, 2012, no. 122, pp. 167173.
6. Ziganshin R., Ziganshina A., Zakharov N., Savchugov V., Logistika, 2013,
no. 4(77), pp. 5052.
7. Rakitin A.N., Vliyanie sezonnykh izmeneniy usloviy i intensivnosti ekspluatatsii
na potok otkazov avtomobiley (Influence of seasonal changes in the conditions
and frequency of use on the flow of vehicles failures): thesis of candidate
of technical science, Tyumen', 2004.
8. Davidovich L.N., Proektirovanie predpriyatiy avtomobil'nogo transporta
(Design of road transport enterprises), Moscow: Transport Publ., 1975, 391 p.
9. Kirsanov E.A., Sheynin A.M., Obzornaya informatsiya no. 18. Voprosy
tekhnicheskogo obsluzhivaniya i remonta avtomobiley (Overview no. 18.
Questions of maintenance and repair of vehicles), Moscow: Publ. of TsBNTI Minavtotransa RSFSR, 1971, pp. 4353.
10. Zakharov N.S., Proceedings of International Scientific and Technical Conference Problemy ekspluatatsii i obsluzhivaniya transportno-tekhnologicheskikh mashin (Problems of operation and maintenance of transport and technological machines), Tyumen': Publ. of TSOGU, 2006, pp. 7384.
11. Zakharov N.S., Abakumov G.V., Bugaev K.V. et al., Izvestiya vuzov Neft' i gaz, 2006, no. 6, pp. 7779.

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Transport and oil preparation


S.E. Zdolnik , S.N. Vagaytsev (Bashneft JSOC, RF, Ufa) , I.S. Sivokon (Transenergostroy OOO, RF, Moscow), A.T. Faritov , L.P. Khudyakova (IPTER GUP, RF, Ufa)
Risk-oriented approach to the selection of corrosion inhibitors for industrial applications based on field and laboratory tests

Key words: corrosion inhibitors, test methods, oil-field pipelines, the risk, conditions of corrosion.

Based on the analysis results of experimental-field and complex laboratory tests of 11 corrosion inhibitors their ranking is carried out and the areas of their effective application in real piping systems are determined. A comparison of the conditions of corrosion behavior in various laboratory tests and in the most risky parts of pipeline is executed. The risk-oriented approach to the selection of corrosion inhibitors for industrial applications and the main stages of its implementation are formulated.

References
1. Webster S., McMahon A.J., Paisley D.M., Harrop D., Corrosion inhibitor test
methods (Detailed test protocols to select corrosion inhibitors for oil and gas
production and transportation facilities), British Petroleum. Sunbury Report no.
ESR.95.ER.054, 1996, November.
2. Kichenko S.B., Kichenko A.B., Praktika protivokorrozionnoy zashchity, 2008,
no. 3, pp. 20-912.
3. Sivokon I.S., Makarychev Y.B., Kuzenkov Y.A., Andreev N.N., Laboratory assessment of the efficiency of corrosion inhibitors at oilfield pipeline of West
Siberia region, IV. Tests in Flow Recirculation Loop, Int. J. of Corrosion and
Scale Inhibition, 2013, no. 3, pp. 203-215
4. Sivokon' I.S., Andreev N.N., Territoriya Neftegaz, 2013, no. 9, pp. 20–23.
5. Sivokon I.S., Andreev N.N., Laboratory assessment of the efficiency of corrosion inhibitors at oilfield pipeline of West Siberia region, 1. Objective Setting,
Int. J. of Corrosion and Scale Inhibition, 2012, no. 1, pp. 65-79.
6. ST-07.1-00-00-02 “Poryadok provedeniya laboratornykh i opytnopromyslovykh ispytaniĭ khimicheskikh reagentov dlya primeneniya v protsessakh dobychi i podgotovki nefti i gaza” (Procedure for laboratory and pilot
testing of chemicals for application in the processes of extraction and preparation of oil and gas), Ufa: Publ. of Bashneft', 2013, pp. 618.

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A.E. Zentsov, I.V. Stolbov, M.Yu. Tarasov (Giprotyumenneftegaz JSC, HMS Group, RF, Tyumen), I.A. Tashbulatov, A.V. Kim, I.V. Klyonova (Gazpromneft-Muravlenko Branch of Gazpromneft-Noyabrskneftegaz JSC, RF Muravlenko)
Technical approach to the application of chemicals for oil treatment and oilfield waste water purification in fields at the late development stages

Key words: oilfield, oil-water mixture, oil dehydration, purification of waste water, chemicals – demulsifiers and flocculants, compositional analysis of impurities in water.

Oil dehydration and purification of waste water in fields at the late development stage are primarily carried out in Free Water Knock Out units with oil-water mixture treatment with demulsifier and natural gravitational settling applied. The required treatment quality of waste water, determined by the design documentation for field production, is not always guaranteed. The performed studies have verified the required quality of oil dehydration and waste water purification can be achieved by sequential treatment of oil-water mixture with such chemicals as demulsifiers and flocculants. The flocculants efficiency depends on the compositional analysis of impurities in the aqueous phase of oil-water mixtures transporting to Free Water Knock Out units.

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Pipeline transport of oil


T.E. Mamonova (National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, RF, Tomsk)
Definition of short-term leakage in product pipelines

Key words: oil pipeline, sensor of pressure, hydraulic oil pipeline profile, loss in the pipeline.

The method of leakage determining, based on the analysis of hydraulic characteristics of the pipeline in time, is proposed. Calculation formulas for determining the mass flow rate and leak location are received. The experimental research of the method presented. It is shown that the proposed method and the formulas corresponding thereto are applicable in practice in determining of the short duration leakages in oil pipelines.
References
1. Zabello E., RBK, 2013. URL: http://top.rbc.ru/economics/28/01/2013/
842358.shtml
2. Mamonova T.E., Problemy informatiki – Problem Info, 2012, Special Issue,
pp. 103-112.
3. Lur'e M.V., Makarov P.S., Transport i khranenie nefteproduktov, 1998, no. 12, pp. 6569.
4. Truboprovodnyy transport nefti (Crude oil pipeline), edited by Vaynshtok
S.M., Moscow: Nedra-Biznestsentr Publ., 2004, Part 2, 621 p.
5. Patent no. 2426080 RF, Method of measuring pressure in fluid transfer pipeline
and device to this end, Inventors: Shkljar V.N., Stepanchenko T.E.
6. Stepanchenko T.E., Shklyar V.N., Proceedings of VIII All-Russian scientific and practical conference of students and young scientists, Tomsk, 3-5 March 2010,
Tomsk: SPB Grafiks Publ., 2010, pp. 6061.
7. Istechenie cherez malye otverstiya v tonkoy stenke pri postoyannom napore
(Outflow through small holes in the thin wall with constant pressure), URL:
http://gidravl.narod.ru/istechenie.html

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R.A. Kemalov, A.F. Kemalov (Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, RF, Kazan)
Micronization of catalytic systems in receiving the bituminous insulating materials for protection of the main pipelines

Key words: bitumen, structure, composite protective material, physic-mechanical properties, electrochemistry, coverings, oil and gas equipment.

Pipelines are the most effective and safe way of oil, gas and oil products transportation on considerable distances. The durability and fail-safety of operation of pipelines directly depends on efficiency of their anticorrosive protection. Insulating covers have to carry out the functions in a wide interval of temperatures of construction and operation of pipelines, providing their protection against corrosion for the greatest possible term of their operation. Researches of refractory bitumens show that participation of asphaltens molecules as a filler of the bituminous insulating materials (BIM) has catalytic effect on process of bituminous coverings drying. The obtained data testify that the carried-out accelerated tests of electrochemical process at micronized BIM cathodic reaction of ionization of metal over the anode prevails. It is necessary to conclude about need of modification of film-forming material inhibitors of the anti-oxidizing character which application will allow to avoid further oxidizing activity. As such inhibitors various polymeric systems can act.

References
1. Kemalov R.A., Kemalov A.F., Nauchno-prakticheskie aspekty protsessov korrozii i sposobov zashchity: monografiya (Scientific and practical aspects of
the processes and methods of corrosion protection: Monograph), Kazan':
Publ. of Kazan State Technological University, 2008, 280 p.
2. Kemalov A.F., Intensifikatsiya proizvodstva okislennykh bitumov i modifitsirovannye
bitumnye materialy na ikh osnove (Intensification of production of
oxidized bitumen and modified asphalt materials on their basis): Thesis of the
doctor of technical sciences, Kazan': Kazan State Technological University,
2005.
3. Kemalov R.A., Modifitsirovannye bitumy i lakokrasochnye materialy na ikh
osnove (Modified bitumen and paint and varnish materials on its base): Thesis
of the candidate of technical sciences, Moscow, 2003.
4. Kemalov A.F., Kemalov R.A., Ekspozitsiya “Neft' i Gaz”, 2012, no. 5 (23), pp.
95-99.
5. Kemalov, R.A., Kemalov A.F., Tekhnologii nefti i gaza – Science and Technology of Hydrocarbons, 2012, no. 6, pp. 31-39.
6. Kemalov A.F., Kemalov R.A., Khimiya tekhnologiya topliv i masel Chemistry
and Technology of Fuels and Oils, 2012, no. 5, pp. 3-7.
7. Kemalov A.F., Kemalov R.A., Enhancement of interfacial adhesion in bitumen
coatings by film-forming agents, World Applied Sciences, 2013, Journal
23 (5), pp. 679-684.
8. Kemalov A.F., Kemalov R.A., Development of the technology of black oil
macromolecular structuring in the process of its oxidation for obtaining the bituminous insulating materials, World Applied Sciences, 2013, Journal 23 (1),
pp. 51-55,
9. Kemalov A.F., Kemalov R.A., Enhancement of interfacial adhesion in bitumen
coatings by film-forming agents,World Applied Sciences, 2013, Journal 23 (5), pp. 679-684.

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Information technology


N.G. Ibragimov (Tatneft OAO, RF, Almetyevsk), R.G. Zabbarov, V.R. Idiatova (Engineering Center of Tatneft OAO< RF, Almetyevsk)
Operational Supervision and Oil Production Control System Based on Monitoring of Telemetry-Controlled Well Performance in ARMITS Corporate Information System

Key words: automation of oil production, acquisition and processing of data, monitoring and integral analysis of well performance, intelligent system, control and optimization of oil production.

Tatneft has developed primary data gathering and processing sub-system based on the corporate information system ARMITS (Engineering/ Technical Support Automation Workplace) suitable for subsequent monitoring and data analysis as a component of intelligent field technology. We have gained experience of automated process control of oil production, operational supervision of reservoir engineering and decision-making on the third block of Berezovskaya area of Romashkinskoye field.


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Ecological and industrial safety


M.A. Pashkevich, T.A. Petrova (National Mineral Resources University, RF, Saint-Petersburg)
An integrated approach to the creation of air monitoring system on the objects oil and gas industry

Key words: monitoring, atmospheric air pollution sources, management, geoinformation systems (GIS).

Production objects of the oil and gas complex are sources of complex and concentrated impact on the environment and on the atmosphere, in particular. There is a necessity for attraction of powerful software to assess the real level of air pollution in the impact area of dangerous production objects of oil and gas complex in the normal mode of operation and in emergency situations. This will allow the use of alternative cartographic methods of interpretation of the obtained information and the use of modeling of the ground level concentrations fields, based on the data about values of emissions from different sources. The proposed air monitoring system on production objects of oil and gas complex will allow to assess the state of atmospheric air with high probability and to quickly identify the pollution sources, that contribute most to, in the real time, and to reduce the environmental and technogenic danger of the enterprise.

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Yu.G. Bezrodny, V.V. Novikova (VolgogradNIPImorneft Branch of LUKOIL-Engineering LLC in Volgograd, RF, Volgograd), E.Kh. Vekilov (Gubkin Scientific and Technical Society of Oil and Gas Experts, RF, Moscow)
Technical, organizational and legal issues of oil and gas onshore drilling waste management

Key words: environmental protection, well construction, drilling waste, waste disposal facility, mud pit, pitless drilling

The basic methods of collection, recycling and disposal of onshore drilling waste are considered. It is shown that under certain conditions it is more expedient to realize collection, neutralization and disposal of drilling waste in mud pits - accumulators that were built on the territory of the land allotment vested for the construction of well.
References
1. Bulatov A.I., Makarenko P.P., Shemetov V.Yu., Okhrana okruzhayushchey
sredy v neftegazovoy promyshlennosti (Environmental protection in the oil
and gas industry), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1997, 483 p.
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From history of development of petroleum industry


Yu.V. Evdoshenko, (JSC Neftyanoye hozyaystvo Publishing House), V. N. Shaydurov, (NMSU "Mountain")
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