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Formation of the master plan, taking into account damaging factors at emergency situations, noise and pollutant emissions into the atmosphere

Authors: M.M. Dautov, M.V. Marinenkova

Key words: emergency situation, industrial safety, natural environment.

The main consequences of emergency situations, arising at equipment depressurization at the facilities of the fuel and energy complex, are given. To assess the risk of accidents the possible scenarios of emergency situations processing are determined and scales of consequences are calculated. An algorithm of calculating of fuel-air mixtures cloud explosion is considered.
References
1. Federal rules and regulations in the field of industrial safety “Pravila bezopasnosti
v neftyanoy i gazovoy promyshlennosti” no. 101 - Petroleum Industry
Safety Regulations.
2. Federal rules and regulations in the field of industrial safety “Obshchie pravila
vzryvobezopasnosti dlya vzryvopozharoopasnykh khimicheskikh,
neftekhimicheskikh i neftepererabatyvayushchikh proizvodstv” no. 96 - Explosion
Safety Rules for Petrochemical Oil Processing Plants.
3. Federal law no. 384 “Tekhnicheskiy reglament o bezopasnosti zdaniy i
sooruzheniy” - Technical regulation on safety of machinery and equipment.
4. Posobie po obsledovaniyu i proektirovaniyu zdaniy i sooruzheniy, podverzhennykh vozdeystviyu vzryvnykh nagruzok (Manual for survey and design
of buildings and structures exposed to explosive loads), Moscow, 2000.
5. Metodika opredeleniya raschetnykh velichin pozharnogo riska na
proizvodstvennykh ob"ektakh (Methodology for determining the calculated
values of fire risk at the production facilities), Moscow: Publ. of FGU VNIIPO
MChS Rossii, 2009.
6. RB G-05-039-96 Rukovodstvo po analizu opasnosti avariynykh vzryvov i
opredeleniyu parametrov ikh mekhanicheskogo deystviya (Guidelines for
hazard analysis of accidental explosions and determine the parameters of
mechanical action), Moscow: Publ. of NTTs YaRB Gosatomnadzora Rossii,
2000.
7. Metodicheskoe posobie po raschetu, normirovaniyu i kontrolyu vybrosov
zagryaznyayushchikh veshchestv v atmosfernyy vozdukh (Guidelines on the
calculation, regulation and control of emissions into the atmosphere), Sankt-
Peterburg, 2012.
8. OND-86 Metodika rascheta kontsentratsiy v atmosfernom vozdukhe vrednykh
veshchestv soderzhashchikhsya v vybrosakh predpriyatiy (Method of
calculating the concentrations in the air of harmful substances contained in
industrial emissions)
9. Spravochnik “Vrednye veshchestva v promyshlennosti” (Harmful substances
in industry), Moscow: Khimiya Publ., 1976.

Key words: emergency situation, industrial safety, natural environment.

The main consequences of emergency situations, arising at equipment depressurization at the facilities of the fuel and energy complex, are given. To assess the risk of accidents the possible scenarios of emergency situations processing are determined and scales of consequences are calculated. An algorithm of calculating of fuel-air mixtures cloud explosion is considered.
References
1. Federal rules and regulations in the field of industrial safety “Pravila bezopasnosti
v neftyanoy i gazovoy promyshlennosti” no. 101 - Petroleum Industry
Safety Regulations.
2. Federal rules and regulations in the field of industrial safety “Obshchie pravila
vzryvobezopasnosti dlya vzryvopozharoopasnykh khimicheskikh,
neftekhimicheskikh i neftepererabatyvayushchikh proizvodstv” no. 96 - Explosion
Safety Rules for Petrochemical Oil Processing Plants.
3. Federal law no. 384 “Tekhnicheskiy reglament o bezopasnosti zdaniy i
sooruzheniy” - Technical regulation on safety of machinery and equipment.
4. Posobie po obsledovaniyu i proektirovaniyu zdaniy i sooruzheniy, podverzhennykh vozdeystviyu vzryvnykh nagruzok (Manual for survey and design
of buildings and structures exposed to explosive loads), Moscow, 2000.
5. Metodika opredeleniya raschetnykh velichin pozharnogo riska na
proizvodstvennykh ob"ektakh (Methodology for determining the calculated
values of fire risk at the production facilities), Moscow: Publ. of FGU VNIIPO
MChS Rossii, 2009.
6. RB G-05-039-96 Rukovodstvo po analizu opasnosti avariynykh vzryvov i
opredeleniyu parametrov ikh mekhanicheskogo deystviya (Guidelines for
hazard analysis of accidental explosions and determine the parameters of
mechanical action), Moscow: Publ. of NTTs YaRB Gosatomnadzora Rossii,
2000.
7. Metodicheskoe posobie po raschetu, normirovaniyu i kontrolyu vybrosov
zagryaznyayushchikh veshchestv v atmosfernyy vozdukh (Guidelines on the
calculation, regulation and control of emissions into the atmosphere), Sankt-
Peterburg, 2012.
8. OND-86 Metodika rascheta kontsentratsiy v atmosfernom vozdukhe vrednykh
veshchestv soderzhashchikhsya v vybrosakh predpriyatiy (Method of
calculating the concentrations in the air of harmful substances contained in
industrial emissions)
9. Spravochnik “Vrednye veshchestva v promyshlennosti” (Harmful substances
in industry), Moscow: Khimiya Publ., 1976.


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