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Problems and ways to improve energy efficiency, environmental performance and energy consumption of oil mining

UDK: 622.276.55
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2019-10-90-93
Key words: field, production, energy saving potential, fuel and energy resources, secondary energy resources, utilization, modernization, optimization, measures, energy resources, energy intensity, energy efficiency
Authors: D.G. Zakirov (Mining Institute, Ural Branch of RAS, RF, Perm), M.A. Mukhamedshin (Perm Regional Center of Energy Efficiency LLC, RF, Perm), G.D. Zakirov (Project Center PNRPU-Oil, RF, Perm), R.A. Fayzrakhmanov (Perm National Research Polytechnic University, RF, Perm), A.N. Nikolaev (Perm National Research Polytechnic University, RF, Perm), A.A. Ryumkin (Uralkali PJSC, RF, Berezniki)

The article describes in brief the history Yaregskoye field development. The authors consider oil properties, existing problems in the oil production by mining method and methods for solving these problems. Systematic integrated approach is proposed to solve technical and environmental problems through the use of system analysis, study of the dynamics and optimization of energy balances, mathematical modeling of the processes of converting the energy of secondary thermal resources into environmentally friendly thermal energy. The results of the research aimed at solving the energy and environmental problems of oil mining, improving energy efficiency and reducing the energy intensity of production. The use of secondary energy resources and utilization of low-grade heat are discussed. The article presents a generalized model of energy saving and greening of oil mines. It is substantiated the need to develop a scientific basis for creation of technologies for the use of low-grade heat of liquid contaminated waste and ventilation emissions in the mining method of heavy oil production and production of environmentally friendly heat energy for heat supply. The results of the energy survey of oil mine facilities are given. The advantages of the proposed technical solutions are shown. Implementation of these solutions allows reducing costs and improving the efficiency of production processes in the specific conditions of the mines Yarega town.

References

1. Naruzhnyy E., Pearl of the North. Thermal mine method of extraction of high viscosity oil (In Russ.), TekhNADZOR, 2010, no. 7(44).

2. Zakirov D.G., Krasnoshteyn A.E., Energy and environmental problems of the development of the coal industry and their solutions (In Russ.), Ugol', 2009, no. 6, pp. 69–73.

3. Zakirov D.G., Zakirov D.D., Mukhamedshin M.A., Scientific and methodological foundations for the development of programs for improving energy efficiency and energy saving of coal enterprises based on energy surveys (In Russ.), Ugol', 2010, no. 3, pp. 66–68.

4. Zakirov D.G., Gulyaev V.E., Mukhamedov I.G., Zakirov G.D., Perspektivy ispol'zovaniya nizkopotentsial'nogo tepla vtorichnykh energeticheskikh resursov dlya tseley teplosnabzheniya predpriyatiya (Prospects for the use of low-grade heat of secondary energy resources for the purposes of heat supply enterprises), Proceedings of Interregional conference “Zakonodatel'stvo o teplosnabzhenii, puti resheniya energoeffektivnosti teploenergetiki. Novye energoresursosberegayushchie tekhnologii i oborudovanie” (Legislation on heat supply, solutions to the energy efficiency of heat and power engineering. New energy-saving technologies and equipment), Perm, 19–20 November 2010.

5. Zakirov D.G., Innovative solutions to improve the energy efficiency and environmental friendliness of the coal industry (In Russ.), Ugol', 2011, no. 4, pp. 73–75.

6. Zakirov D.G., Development of scientific and methodological basis for improving energy efficiency in the coal industry (In Russ.), Ugol', 2011, no. 10, pp. 43–45.

7. Patent no. 2476798, Heat-exchange device for cooling of shaft ventilation stream, Inventors: Zakirov D.G., Borinskikh I.I., Zakirov G.D., Mukhamed­shin M.A., Gulyaev V.E., Kuznetsov S.A.

8. Zakirov D.G., Teplovye nasosy – teplotransformatory na sluzhbe ekologii i energoefffektivnosti (Heat pumps – heat transformers in the service of ecology and energy efficiency), Perm: Garmoniya Publ., 2014, 424 p.

The article describes in brief the history Yaregskoye field development. The authors consider oil properties, existing problems in the oil production by mining method and methods for solving these problems. Systematic integrated approach is proposed to solve technical and environmental problems through the use of system analysis, study of the dynamics and optimization of energy balances, mathematical modeling of the processes of converting the energy of secondary thermal resources into environmentally friendly thermal energy. The results of the research aimed at solving the energy and environmental problems of oil mining, improving energy efficiency and reducing the energy intensity of production. The use of secondary energy resources and utilization of low-grade heat are discussed. The article presents a generalized model of energy saving and greening of oil mines. It is substantiated the need to develop a scientific basis for creation of technologies for the use of low-grade heat of liquid contaminated waste and ventilation emissions in the mining method of heavy oil production and production of environmentally friendly heat energy for heat supply. The results of the energy survey of oil mine facilities are given. The advantages of the proposed technical solutions are shown. Implementation of these solutions allows reducing costs and improving the efficiency of production processes in the specific conditions of the mines Yarega town.

References

1. Naruzhnyy E., Pearl of the North. Thermal mine method of extraction of high viscosity oil (In Russ.), TekhNADZOR, 2010, no. 7(44).

2. Zakirov D.G., Krasnoshteyn A.E., Energy and environmental problems of the development of the coal industry and their solutions (In Russ.), Ugol', 2009, no. 6, pp. 69–73.

3. Zakirov D.G., Zakirov D.D., Mukhamedshin M.A., Scientific and methodological foundations for the development of programs for improving energy efficiency and energy saving of coal enterprises based on energy surveys (In Russ.), Ugol', 2010, no. 3, pp. 66–68.

4. Zakirov D.G., Gulyaev V.E., Mukhamedov I.G., Zakirov G.D., Perspektivy ispol'zovaniya nizkopotentsial'nogo tepla vtorichnykh energeticheskikh resursov dlya tseley teplosnabzheniya predpriyatiya (Prospects for the use of low-grade heat of secondary energy resources for the purposes of heat supply enterprises), Proceedings of Interregional conference “Zakonodatel'stvo o teplosnabzhenii, puti resheniya energoeffektivnosti teploenergetiki. Novye energoresursosberegayushchie tekhnologii i oborudovanie” (Legislation on heat supply, solutions to the energy efficiency of heat and power engineering. New energy-saving technologies and equipment), Perm, 19–20 November 2010.

5. Zakirov D.G., Innovative solutions to improve the energy efficiency and environmental friendliness of the coal industry (In Russ.), Ugol', 2011, no. 4, pp. 73–75.

6. Zakirov D.G., Development of scientific and methodological basis for improving energy efficiency in the coal industry (In Russ.), Ugol', 2011, no. 10, pp. 43–45.

7. Patent no. 2476798, Heat-exchange device for cooling of shaft ventilation stream, Inventors: Zakirov D.G., Borinskikh I.I., Zakirov G.D., Mukhamed­shin M.A., Gulyaev V.E., Kuznetsov S.A.

8. Zakirov D.G., Teplovye nasosy – teplotransformatory na sluzhbe ekologii i energoefffektivnosti (Heat pumps – heat transformers in the service of ecology and energy efficiency), Perm: Garmoniya Publ., 2014, 424 p.


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