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Implementation of alternative sources of energy on the territory of the Khanty-Mansiysk autonomous district

UDK: 502.6:622.276.5
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2019-7-134-136
Key words: environmental friendliness, innovative technologies, alternative energy, oil production, hybrid plant, rationality, efficiency
Authors: I.V. Nasyrova (RN-BashNIPIneft LLC, RF, Ufa), A.M. Askarova (RN-BashNIPIneft LLC, RF, Ufa), R.M. Khaziakhmetov (Bashkir State University, RF, Ufa)

The article analyzes the impact of the oil complex on the ecosystem of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous District - Yugra. Based on the analysis of statistical data, it has been established that the size of industrial development and the high degree of intensity of industrial load on natural territories adversely affect the ecological status of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District. The overall environmental damage, despite the recovery measures taken by oil producing companies and the environmental performance of regional environmental organizations, remains very high, and the environmental situation in the region remains tense. The main negative factors of the impact of the oil and gas complex on the ecosystem of Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous District - Yugra are all stages of the oil production process. It is also impossible to deny the influence of the human factor and accident rate on the pipeline sections due to excessive operation and the imperfection of the corrosion protection technology. The danger lies in possible spills of oil and oil products due to depressurization of pipelines. In this case, taking into account the peculiarity of the developed territories and, in most cases, the lack of transport networks, difficulties in eliminating leaks may arise. In order to restore the damage and prevent undesirable consequences in the future, it is proposed to use alternative energy sources, in particular hybrid wind-solar installations. The possible options for the use of hybrid plants in oil production, taking into account the effectiveness of their work on the territory of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous District - Yugra, are considered, and areas for reducing environmental impact are identified. It was found that the integrated use of wind and solar installations provide an adequate level of energy for the full maintenance of pipelines. In addition, there is no need to carry out along the transmission lines, which leads to a decrease in the level of waste at the time of the capital construction of oil production facilities. Thus, the use of alternative energy sources can be a promising solution to the current problem, which concerns the prevention of negative impact on the environment.

В 

1Nasyrova I.V., Askarova A.M., On the rationality of applying hybrid (wind-sun) installations for service the oil industry objects (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2018, no. 6, pp. 81–83.

The article analyzes the impact of the oil complex on the ecosystem of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous District - Yugra. Based on the analysis of statistical data, it has been established that the size of industrial development and the high degree of intensity of industrial load on natural territories adversely affect the ecological status of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District. The overall environmental damage, despite the recovery measures taken by oil producing companies and the environmental performance of regional environmental organizations, remains very high, and the environmental situation in the region remains tense. The main negative factors of the impact of the oil and gas complex on the ecosystem of Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous District - Yugra are all stages of the oil production process. It is also impossible to deny the influence of the human factor and accident rate on the pipeline sections due to excessive operation and the imperfection of the corrosion protection technology. The danger lies in possible spills of oil and oil products due to depressurization of pipelines. In this case, taking into account the peculiarity of the developed territories and, in most cases, the lack of transport networks, difficulties in eliminating leaks may arise. In order to restore the damage and prevent undesirable consequences in the future, it is proposed to use alternative energy sources, in particular hybrid wind-solar installations. The possible options for the use of hybrid plants in oil production, taking into account the effectiveness of their work on the territory of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous District - Yugra, are considered, and areas for reducing environmental impact are identified. It was found that the integrated use of wind and solar installations provide an adequate level of energy for the full maintenance of pipelines. In addition, there is no need to carry out along the transmission lines, which leads to a decrease in the level of waste at the time of the capital construction of oil production facilities. Thus, the use of alternative energy sources can be a promising solution to the current problem, which concerns the prevention of negative impact on the environment.

В 

1Nasyrova I.V., Askarova A.M., On the rationality of applying hybrid (wind-sun) installations for service the oil industry objects (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2018, no. 6, pp. 81–83.


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