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Computational technology for hydrodynamic modeling of large oil and gas fields with parallelization on sectoral models for clusters

UDK: 622.276.1/4.001.57
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2017-11-58-62
Key words: hydrodynamic modeling, sectoral models, software, computing cluster, parallel computing
Authors: S.V. Kostyuchenko, S.A. Savenkov, Yu.A. Evlanova (TNNC LLC, RF, Tyumen), N.T. Karachurin (Rosneft Oil Company, RF, Moscow), R.M. Ganopolsky, A.A. Badrizlov, S.S. Chudinov (Tyumen State University, RF, Tyumen)

This article discusses a software system INTERMOD for computer clusters. The main functions of INTERMOD are full model decomposition to sectoral models, the initial system initialization models, iterative coupling model, and control the time steps pairing patterns. INTERMOD is not an independent system of hydrodynamic simulator, but uses external simulation as payment modules.

Modern reservoir simulation models of oil and gas fields become more detailed, calculated cells become smaller, and the number of these cells avalanche grows. For large and giant oil fields the number of cells in such models can reach up to 109. Sectoral models always violate the integrity of hydrodynamic modeling objects. This can lead to errors.

The authors have developed and tested computing technology that removes the constraints on the size and detail of reservoir simulation models. This technology is based on the decomposition of large models for sector models and on separate calculations. Algorithm of iterative integration of sector models-Iterative Fitting Boundary Conditions (IFBC) restores the integrity of the full model. This algorithm is more general than option Flux Boundary Conditions (FBC) of reservoir simulators.

IFBC algorithm was tested for several sector models of large oil and gas fields. The field size is 50 * 80 km, 4 objects of development with the gas cap, more than 15000 wells, and 44 years of development, 200 regions selected for modeling. Uniform requirements are defined for all sector models. Sector models built for multiple regions of field. The total number of calculated cells is up to 800 million cells for different implementations of the models. Modeling was done for full model of oil field, for integrated sector models and for non-integrated sector models. Modeling without the integration of sector models leads to errors more than 150 % of the accumulated gas cap gas production (FGPTF, WGPTF) and more than 200 % for accumulated oil wells (WOPT) in comparison with the full model. Using the algorithm IFBC reduces errors before 2–3 %. Computing technology is based on an algorithm IFBC that allows you to create a giant model, "stick together" full of sector models, "implant" sector models in full model. Each of the sector models can be created by individual simulator and can have an independent grid. To 10 compute nodes received acceleration calculations in 7–8 times, to 40 compute nodes and when 90–100 % of their load balancing in 35 times.

The system of INTERMOD can be applied for modeling of large fields; calculation of the heterogeneous sector models as a hydrodynamic system; including sectoral models into other models.

References

1. Kostyuchenko S.V., Technology of large fields modeling by a system of conjugate sector models Part 2. The method of iterative conjugation of sector models (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2012, no. 4, pp. 96–100.

2. Kostyuchenko S.V., Tolstolytkin D.V., Chuprov A.A., Shinkarev M.B., Technology of large fields simulation with a system of conjugated sector models. Part 3. The technology approbation by the example of models of Samotlorskoye field AB 1-5 reservoirs (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2013, no. 8, pp. 78–81.

3. Kostyuchenko S.V., Tolstolytkin D.V., Chuprov A.A., Smirnov A.S., Modeling experience giant oil and gas fields of integrated sectorial models, SPE 171247, 2014.

4. Kostyuchenko S.V., Computing parallel reservoir simulation technology of giant oil and gas fields conjugate systems of sector models (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2015, no. 10, pp. 68–73.

This article discusses a software system INTERMOD for computer clusters. The main functions of INTERMOD are full model decomposition to sectoral models, the initial system initialization models, iterative coupling model, and control the time steps pairing patterns. INTERMOD is not an independent system of hydrodynamic simulator, but uses external simulation as payment modules.

Modern reservoir simulation models of oil and gas fields become more detailed, calculated cells become smaller, and the number of these cells avalanche grows. For large and giant oil fields the number of cells in such models can reach up to 109. Sectoral models always violate the integrity of hydrodynamic modeling objects. This can lead to errors.

The authors have developed and tested computing technology that removes the constraints on the size and detail of reservoir simulation models. This technology is based on the decomposition of large models for sector models and on separate calculations. Algorithm of iterative integration of sector models-Iterative Fitting Boundary Conditions (IFBC) restores the integrity of the full model. This algorithm is more general than option Flux Boundary Conditions (FBC) of reservoir simulators.

IFBC algorithm was tested for several sector models of large oil and gas fields. The field size is 50 * 80 km, 4 objects of development with the gas cap, more than 15000 wells, and 44 years of development, 200 regions selected for modeling. Uniform requirements are defined for all sector models. Sector models built for multiple regions of field. The total number of calculated cells is up to 800 million cells for different implementations of the models. Modeling was done for full model of oil field, for integrated sector models and for non-integrated sector models. Modeling without the integration of sector models leads to errors more than 150 % of the accumulated gas cap gas production (FGPTF, WGPTF) and more than 200 % for accumulated oil wells (WOPT) in comparison with the full model. Using the algorithm IFBC reduces errors before 2–3 %. Computing technology is based on an algorithm IFBC that allows you to create a giant model, "stick together" full of sector models, "implant" sector models in full model. Each of the sector models can be created by individual simulator and can have an independent grid. To 10 compute nodes received acceleration calculations in 7–8 times, to 40 compute nodes and when 90–100 % of their load balancing in 35 times.

The system of INTERMOD can be applied for modeling of large fields; calculation of the heterogeneous sector models as a hydrodynamic system; including sectoral models into other models.

References

1. Kostyuchenko S.V., Technology of large fields modeling by a system of conjugate sector models Part 2. The method of iterative conjugation of sector models (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2012, no. 4, pp. 96–100.

2. Kostyuchenko S.V., Tolstolytkin D.V., Chuprov A.A., Shinkarev M.B., Technology of large fields simulation with a system of conjugated sector models. Part 3. The technology approbation by the example of models of Samotlorskoye field AB 1-5 reservoirs (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2013, no. 8, pp. 78–81.

3. Kostyuchenko S.V., Tolstolytkin D.V., Chuprov A.A., Smirnov A.S., Modeling experience giant oil and gas fields of integrated sectorial models, SPE 171247, 2014.

4. Kostyuchenko S.V., Computing parallel reservoir simulation technology of giant oil and gas fields conjugate systems of sector models (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2015, no. 10, pp. 68–73.



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