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On the accounting a biogenic hydrocarbon compounds of the peaty lake sediments in the assessment of petroleum contaminated areas

UDK: 543.8; 543.544.43
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2017-5-94-98
Key words: petroleum contamination, peaty lake sediments, IR-photometry, gas-liquid chromatography, biogenic and petroleum hydrocarbons, molecular composition
Authors: М.G. Kulkov, Е.А. Zarov (Ugra State University, RF, Khanty-Mansiysk)

The authors researched a hydrocarbon total content and its molecular composition for the peaty lake sediments on the petroleum contaminated and background areas at Khanty-Mansiysk autonomous district (KhMAO). The aim was to compare the assessment of the peaty lake sediments petroleum pollution by the gas-liquid chromatography and infrared spectrometry taking into account the native hydrocarbon content.

It has been compared two methods (IR-photometry and gas-liquid chromatography) defining a petroleum hydrocarbons concentration in peaty lake sediments on anthropogenic areas. The main results show the IR-photometry gives a reliable result for concentrations level more than 20000 mg/kg, when biogenic hydrocarbons proportion is low towards to petroleum hydrocarbons concentration. In case of lower values there is have to be used a highly informative gas-liquid chromatography methods to investigate a hydrocarbons molecular composition and consider a biogenic part of its content. It helps to make a decision in controversial cases when it is not obvious a fact of petroleum contamination.

Additionally it has been defined a background hydrocarbon concentration in peaty lake sediments for KhMAO by two mentioned above methods. The typical molecular parameters of virgin peaty lake sediments were calculated for a content of saturated hydrocarbons. In case of non-compliance to those parameters, we suggest to attribute peaty lake sediment samples as contaminated.

The carried out investigations have been directed to increase the results accuracy in the hydrosphere biogeochemical monitoring for the KhMAO region. In addition, it might be applied for the correction of the regional standards for maximum permissible level of petroleum in the lake sediments in relation to its type.

References

1. Gennadiev A.N., Pikovskiy Yu.I., The maps of soil tolerance toward pollution with oil products and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Methodological aspects (In Russ.), Pochvovedenie = Eurasian Soil Science, 2007, no.В  1, pp. 80–92.

2. Pikovskiy Yu.I., Gennalieva A.N., Chernyavskiy S.S., Sakharov G.N., The problem of diagnostics and standardization of the levels of soil pollution by oil and oil products (In Russ.), Pochvovedenie = Eurasian Soil Science, 2003, no. 9, pp. 1132–1140.

3. Drugov Yu.S., Rodin A.A., Ekologicheskie analizy pri razlivakh nefti i nefteproduktov (Environmental analyzes for oil and oil products spills), Moscow: BINOM. Laboratoriya znaniy Publ., 2007, 270 p.

4. Nikanorov A.M., Stradomskaya A.G., Problemy neftyanogo zagryazneniya presnovodnykh ekosistem (Problems of oil pollution of freshwater ecosystems), Rostov-na-Donu: NOK Publ., 2008, 222 p.

5. Bachurin, Odintsova T.A., Problems of diagnostics and control of oil pollution of natural geosystems (In Russ.), Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanykh i gazovykh mestorozhdeniy, 2005, no. 9–10, pp. 79–82.

6. Chivilev S.M., Prozorova M.V., Matveev I.V. et al., Osobennosti opredeleniya nefteproduktov v pochvakh i donnykh otlozheniyakh (Features of determining petroleum products in soils and bottom sediments), URL: http://ecopro.spb.ru/index.php?view=article&catid=2%3Aecolog&id=10%3A2010-04-02-13-0...

7. Lopatin K.I., Kashtanova O.A., Montile A.I., Optimization model of oilfield facilities location in the forest-swamp zone in Western Siberia (In Russ.), Vestnik Nizhnevartovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Ser. Estestvennye nauki i nauki o Zemle, 2009, V. 1, URL: http://vestnik.nvsu.ru/arhiv/12/20.pdf.

8. Zueva I.N., Glyaznetsova Yu.S., Lifshits S.Kh. et al., Methods for studying surface hydrocarbon geochemical fields of natural and technogenic origin (In Russ.), Nauka i obrazovanie, 2009, no. 1, pp. 50–55.

9. Ivanov K. E., Novikov S. M., Bolota Zapadnoy Sibiri, ikh stroenie i gidrologicheskiy rezhim (Swamps of Western Siberia, their structure and hydrological regime), Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 1976, 448 p.

10. Glyaznetsova Yu.S., Chalaya O.N., Zueva I.N., Lifshits S.Kh., The questions of environmental monitoring and rehabilitation of oil-contaminated soils of the Arctic zone of Yakutia (In Russ.), Arktika i Sever, 2012, no. 5, pp. 97–108.

11. Guerra-GarcГ­a J.M., GonzГЎlez-Vila F.J., GarcГ­a-GГіmez J.C., Aliphatic hydrocarbon pollution and macrobenthic assemblages in Ceuta harbour: a multivariate approach, Marine ecology progress series, 2003, V. 263, pp. 127–138.

12. Duchko M.A., Gulaya E.V., Serebrennikova O.V., Otsenka vliyaniya antropogennykh faktorov na sostav bituminoznykh komponentov torfov yuga Zapadnoy Sibiri po dannym o sostave uglevodorodov (Assessment of the influence of anthropogenic factors on the composition of bituminous components of peat in the south of Western Siberia from data on the composition of hydrocarbons), Proceedings of 10th sibirskoe soveshchanie po klimato-ekologicheskomu monitoringu (Siberian workshop on climate and environmental monitoring), Tomsk: Agraf-Press Publ., 2013, pp. 207–209.

The authors researched a hydrocarbon total content and its molecular composition for the peaty lake sediments on the petroleum contaminated and background areas at Khanty-Mansiysk autonomous district (KhMAO). The aim was to compare the assessment of the peaty lake sediments petroleum pollution by the gas-liquid chromatography and infrared spectrometry taking into account the native hydrocarbon content.

It has been compared two methods (IR-photometry and gas-liquid chromatography) defining a petroleum hydrocarbons concentration in peaty lake sediments on anthropogenic areas. The main results show the IR-photometry gives a reliable result for concentrations level more than 20000 mg/kg, when biogenic hydrocarbons proportion is low towards to petroleum hydrocarbons concentration. In case of lower values there is have to be used a highly informative gas-liquid chromatography methods to investigate a hydrocarbons molecular composition and consider a biogenic part of its content. It helps to make a decision in controversial cases when it is not obvious a fact of petroleum contamination.

Additionally it has been defined a background hydrocarbon concentration in peaty lake sediments for KhMAO by two mentioned above methods. The typical molecular parameters of virgin peaty lake sediments were calculated for a content of saturated hydrocarbons. In case of non-compliance to those parameters, we suggest to attribute peaty lake sediment samples as contaminated.

The carried out investigations have been directed to increase the results accuracy in the hydrosphere biogeochemical monitoring for the KhMAO region. In addition, it might be applied for the correction of the regional standards for maximum permissible level of petroleum in the lake sediments in relation to its type.

References

1. Gennadiev A.N., Pikovskiy Yu.I., The maps of soil tolerance toward pollution with oil products and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Methodological aspects (In Russ.), Pochvovedenie = Eurasian Soil Science, 2007, no.В  1, pp. 80–92.

2. Pikovskiy Yu.I., Gennalieva A.N., Chernyavskiy S.S., Sakharov G.N., The problem of diagnostics and standardization of the levels of soil pollution by oil and oil products (In Russ.), Pochvovedenie = Eurasian Soil Science, 2003, no. 9, pp. 1132–1140.

3. Drugov Yu.S., Rodin A.A., Ekologicheskie analizy pri razlivakh nefti i nefteproduktov (Environmental analyzes for oil and oil products spills), Moscow: BINOM. Laboratoriya znaniy Publ., 2007, 270 p.

4. Nikanorov A.M., Stradomskaya A.G., Problemy neftyanogo zagryazneniya presnovodnykh ekosistem (Problems of oil pollution of freshwater ecosystems), Rostov-na-Donu: NOK Publ., 2008, 222 p.

5. Bachurin, Odintsova T.A., Problems of diagnostics and control of oil pollution of natural geosystems (In Russ.), Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanykh i gazovykh mestorozhdeniy, 2005, no. 9–10, pp. 79–82.

6. Chivilev S.M., Prozorova M.V., Matveev I.V. et al., Osobennosti opredeleniya nefteproduktov v pochvakh i donnykh otlozheniyakh (Features of determining petroleum products in soils and bottom sediments), URL: http://ecopro.spb.ru/index.php?view=article&catid=2%3Aecolog&id=10%3A2010-04-02-13-0...

7. Lopatin K.I., Kashtanova O.A., Montile A.I., Optimization model of oilfield facilities location in the forest-swamp zone in Western Siberia (In Russ.), Vestnik Nizhnevartovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Ser. Estestvennye nauki i nauki o Zemle, 2009, V. 1, URL: http://vestnik.nvsu.ru/arhiv/12/20.pdf.

8. Zueva I.N., Glyaznetsova Yu.S., Lifshits S.Kh. et al., Methods for studying surface hydrocarbon geochemical fields of natural and technogenic origin (In Russ.), Nauka i obrazovanie, 2009, no. 1, pp. 50–55.

9. Ivanov K. E., Novikov S. M., Bolota Zapadnoy Sibiri, ikh stroenie i gidrologicheskiy rezhim (Swamps of Western Siberia, their structure and hydrological regime), Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 1976, 448 p.

10. Glyaznetsova Yu.S., Chalaya O.N., Zueva I.N., Lifshits S.Kh., The questions of environmental monitoring and rehabilitation of oil-contaminated soils of the Arctic zone of Yakutia (In Russ.), Arktika i Sever, 2012, no. 5, pp. 97–108.

11. Guerra-GarcГ­a J.M., GonzГЎlez-Vila F.J., GarcГ­a-GГіmez J.C., Aliphatic hydrocarbon pollution and macrobenthic assemblages in Ceuta harbour: a multivariate approach, Marine ecology progress series, 2003, V. 263, pp. 127–138.

12. Duchko M.A., Gulaya E.V., Serebrennikova O.V., Otsenka vliyaniya antropogennykh faktorov na sostav bituminoznykh komponentov torfov yuga Zapadnoy Sibiri po dannym o sostave uglevodorodov (Assessment of the influence of anthropogenic factors on the composition of bituminous components of peat in the south of Western Siberia from data on the composition of hydrocarbons), Proceedings of 10th sibirskoe soveshchanie po klimato-ekologicheskomu monitoringu (Siberian workshop on climate and environmental monitoring), Tomsk: Agraf-Press Publ., 2013, pp. 207–209.



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