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Evaluating and rehabilitating the territories disturbed by storages of sludge water in the oil and gas industry

UDK: 502.654:622.276
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2017-5-87-91
Key words: storage, sludge, water management, oil and gas industry, geo-container drying, layered mineralization, rehabilitation material
Authors: K.L. Chertes, O.V. Tupicyna, V.N. Pystin, E.G. Martynenko (Samara State Technical University, RF, Samara), V.I. Zuber (Novokuibyshevsk Refinery JSC, RF, Novokuibyshevsk)

The purpose of the research is to evaluate geo-ecological areas damaged by storages of sludge water in the oil and gas industry, to sel ect the direction of recovery and targeted development. In the result of this research we created a geo-ecological assessment methodology and technologies for the rehabilitation of territories disturbed by sludge storage. The evaluation scheme includes analysis of multidimensional data using the principal components method, criterial selection and matrix-digital interpretation with the construction of a three-dimensional model. Analysis of these territories characteristics showed that the most rational way of recovery is the elimination of sludge formation using sludge as a raw material production of soil-like rehabilitation material. The obstacle to the direct use of sludge water as substitutes for soils is a high humidity, the presence of organic substances, as well as low strength of the sludge particles. The technology of remediation materials production, comprising a geo-container drying, is the layers mineralization and hardening of sludge. We showed the possibility of using conditioning and inoculated additives on the basis of ash and slag waste and sludge water recycling for the intensification of sludge processing. The proposed method of assessment help to identify state of more than 20 storage of oil and gas industry waste from the standpoint of the subsequent recovery, construction and economic development of disturbed areas. The investigated mechanical properties of materials based on raw sludge allowed justifying their use as rehabilitation material. The technique offered will enable reducing the costs of the purchase of natural soils for rehabilitation as well as reducing the waste disposal costs.

References

1. Tupitsyna O.V., Chertes K.L., Bykov D.E., Osvoenie prirodno-tekhnogennykh sistem gradopromyshlennykh aglomeratsiy (Development of natural and man-made systems of industrial agglomerations), Samara: As Gard Publ., 2014, 336 p.

2. Putilin E.I., Tsvetkov V.S., Primenenie zol unosa i zoloshlakovykh smesey pri stroitel’stve avtomobil’nykh dorog. Obzornaya informatsiya otechestvennogo i zarubezhnogo opyta primeneniya otkhodov ot szhiganiya tverdogo topliva na TES (The use of fly ash and ash and slag mixtures in road construction: Overview of domestic and foreign experience in the application of waste fr om the combustion of solid fuels at thermal power stations), Moscow: Publ. of SOYuZDORNII, 2003, 60 p.

3. Bykov D.E., Tupitsyna O.V., Gladyshev N.G. et al., Oil-waste biodegradation complex (In Russ.), Ekologiya i promyshlennost’ Rossii, 2011, no. 3, pp. 33–34.

4. Bykov D.E., Chertes K.L., Nazarov V.D. et al., Using sewage sludge as a biological product to accelerate solid household waste composting (In Russ.), Ekologiya i promyshlennost’ Rossii, 2011, no. 2, pp. 16–18.

5. Esbensen K.H., Multivariate data analysis in practice, SAMO, 2006, 598 p.

6. Pystin V.N. Tupitsyna O.V., Chertes K.L., Otsenka nakopiteley shlamov vodnogo khozyaystva, kak istochnikov syr'ya dlya proizvodstva rekul'tivatsionnykh materialov (Evaluation of sludge reservoir of water industry as sources of raw materials for the production of the recultivating materials), Collected papers “Ekologiya i bezopasnost' zhiznedeyatel'nosti promyshlenno-transportnykh kompleksov ELPIT-2015” (Ecology and Safety of industrial-transport complexes ELPIT-2015), Samara: Publ. of SNTs, 2015, V. 5, pp. 239-244.

7. Anan’ev V.P., Potapov A.D., Inzhenernaya geologiya (Engineering geology), Moscow: Vysshaya shkola Publ., 2005, 575 p.

8. Patent no. 2584031 RF, Method of processing oil sludge and cleaning oil contaminated soil, Inventors: Chertes K.L., Bykov D.E. et al.В  В В 

The purpose of the research is to evaluate geo-ecological areas damaged by storages of sludge water in the oil and gas industry, to sel ect the direction of recovery and targeted development. In the result of this research we created a geo-ecological assessment methodology and technologies for the rehabilitation of territories disturbed by sludge storage. The evaluation scheme includes analysis of multidimensional data using the principal components method, criterial selection and matrix-digital interpretation with the construction of a three-dimensional model. Analysis of these territories characteristics showed that the most rational way of recovery is the elimination of sludge formation using sludge as a raw material production of soil-like rehabilitation material. The obstacle to the direct use of sludge water as substitutes for soils is a high humidity, the presence of organic substances, as well as low strength of the sludge particles. The technology of remediation materials production, comprising a geo-container drying, is the layers mineralization and hardening of sludge. We showed the possibility of using conditioning and inoculated additives on the basis of ash and slag waste and sludge water recycling for the intensification of sludge processing. The proposed method of assessment help to identify state of more than 20 storage of oil and gas industry waste from the standpoint of the subsequent recovery, construction and economic development of disturbed areas. The investigated mechanical properties of materials based on raw sludge allowed justifying their use as rehabilitation material. The technique offered will enable reducing the costs of the purchase of natural soils for rehabilitation as well as reducing the waste disposal costs.

References

1. Tupitsyna O.V., Chertes K.L., Bykov D.E., Osvoenie prirodno-tekhnogennykh sistem gradopromyshlennykh aglomeratsiy (Development of natural and man-made systems of industrial agglomerations), Samara: As Gard Publ., 2014, 336 p.

2. Putilin E.I., Tsvetkov V.S., Primenenie zol unosa i zoloshlakovykh smesey pri stroitel’stve avtomobil’nykh dorog. Obzornaya informatsiya otechestvennogo i zarubezhnogo opyta primeneniya otkhodov ot szhiganiya tverdogo topliva na TES (The use of fly ash and ash and slag mixtures in road construction: Overview of domestic and foreign experience in the application of waste fr om the combustion of solid fuels at thermal power stations), Moscow: Publ. of SOYuZDORNII, 2003, 60 p.

3. Bykov D.E., Tupitsyna O.V., Gladyshev N.G. et al., Oil-waste biodegradation complex (In Russ.), Ekologiya i promyshlennost’ Rossii, 2011, no. 3, pp. 33–34.

4. Bykov D.E., Chertes K.L., Nazarov V.D. et al., Using sewage sludge as a biological product to accelerate solid household waste composting (In Russ.), Ekologiya i promyshlennost’ Rossii, 2011, no. 2, pp. 16–18.

5. Esbensen K.H., Multivariate data analysis in practice, SAMO, 2006, 598 p.

6. Pystin V.N. Tupitsyna O.V., Chertes K.L., Otsenka nakopiteley shlamov vodnogo khozyaystva, kak istochnikov syr'ya dlya proizvodstva rekul'tivatsionnykh materialov (Evaluation of sludge reservoir of water industry as sources of raw materials for the production of the recultivating materials), Collected papers “Ekologiya i bezopasnost' zhiznedeyatel'nosti promyshlenno-transportnykh kompleksov ELPIT-2015” (Ecology and Safety of industrial-transport complexes ELPIT-2015), Samara: Publ. of SNTs, 2015, V. 5, pp. 239-244.

7. Anan’ev V.P., Potapov A.D., Inzhenernaya geologiya (Engineering geology), Moscow: Vysshaya shkola Publ., 2005, 575 p.

8. Patent no. 2584031 RF, Method of processing oil sludge and cleaning oil contaminated soil, Inventors: Chertes K.L., Bykov D.E. et al.В  В В 



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