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Studies of the influence capillary rise of groundwater distribution of oil pollution in the soil zone of aeration

Authors: Ya.M. Semchuk, E.E. Skyba (Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, Ukraine, Ivano-Frankivsk)

Key words: capillary rise, capillary fringe, the physical model, filtration and infiltration.

The article presents theoretical information about the formation of capillary phenomena in clays, loams and sands of the aeration zone. It is established that the height and speed of capillary rise varies and increases with the dispersion of the soil. Experiments on a physical model investigated the effect of capillary rise in soils on the distribution of oil pollution. It is established that capillary forces hold the oil in the soil area at a certain distance from the level of groundwater flow.
References
1. Kessel'man G.S., Makhmudbekov E.A., Zashchita okruzhayushchey sredy
pri dobyche, transporte i khranenii nefti i gaza (Protecting the environment
during production, transport and storage of oil and gas), Moscow: Nedra
Publ., 1981, 256 p.
2. Sedenko M.V., Osnovy gidrogeologii i inzhenernoy geologi (Fundamentals of hydrogeology and engineering geology), 3rd ed., Moscow: Nedra Publ.,
1979, 200 p.
3. Gorєv L.M., Osnovi modelyuvannya v gіdro ekologії (Fundamentals of hydraulic modeling in ecology), Kiev: Libіd' Publ., 1996, 336 p.
4. Semchuk Ya.M.,Collected papers “Sovershenstvovanie tekhnologiy dobychi
i pererabotki kaliynykh rud Prikarpat'ya” (Improved technologies of extraction
and processing of potash ores of Carpathian region), Cherkasy: Publ.
of ONIITEKhIM, 1984, pp. 86 – 95.
5. Mironenko V.A., Shestakov V.N., Osnovy gidrogeomekhaniki (Fundamentals of hydrogeomechanics), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1974, 296 p.
6. Semchuk Ya.M., Govdyak R.M., Derzhavniy mіzhvіdomchiy naukovo –
tekhnіchniy zbіrnik: Rozvіdka і rozrobka naftovikh і gazovikh rodovishch: Burіnnya naftovikh і gazovikh sverdlovin, 2001, V.38, Part 2, pp. 151 – 157.
7. Lange O.K., Gidrogeologiya (Hydrogeology), Moscow: Vysshaya shkola
Publ., 1969, 367 p.

Key words: capillary rise, capillary fringe, the physical model, filtration and infiltration.

The article presents theoretical information about the formation of capillary phenomena in clays, loams and sands of the aeration zone. It is established that the height and speed of capillary rise varies and increases with the dispersion of the soil. Experiments on a physical model investigated the effect of capillary rise in soils on the distribution of oil pollution. It is established that capillary forces hold the oil in the soil area at a certain distance from the level of groundwater flow.
References
1. Kessel'man G.S., Makhmudbekov E.A., Zashchita okruzhayushchey sredy
pri dobyche, transporte i khranenii nefti i gaza (Protecting the environment
during production, transport and storage of oil and gas), Moscow: Nedra
Publ., 1981, 256 p.
2. Sedenko M.V., Osnovy gidrogeologii i inzhenernoy geologi (Fundamentals of hydrogeology and engineering geology), 3rd ed., Moscow: Nedra Publ.,
1979, 200 p.
3. Gorєv L.M., Osnovi modelyuvannya v gіdro ekologії (Fundamentals of hydraulic modeling in ecology), Kiev: Libіd' Publ., 1996, 336 p.
4. Semchuk Ya.M.,Collected papers “Sovershenstvovanie tekhnologiy dobychi
i pererabotki kaliynykh rud Prikarpat'ya” (Improved technologies of extraction
and processing of potash ores of Carpathian region), Cherkasy: Publ.
of ONIITEKhIM, 1984, pp. 86 – 95.
5. Mironenko V.A., Shestakov V.N., Osnovy gidrogeomekhaniki (Fundamentals of hydrogeomechanics), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1974, 296 p.
6. Semchuk Ya.M., Govdyak R.M., Derzhavniy mіzhvіdomchiy naukovo –
tekhnіchniy zbіrnik: Rozvіdka і rozrobka naftovikh і gazovikh rodovishch: Burіnnya naftovikh і gazovikh sverdlovin, 2001, V.38, Part 2, pp. 151 – 157.
7. Lange O.K., Gidrogeologiya (Hydrogeology), Moscow: Vysshaya shkola
Publ., 1969, 367 p.


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